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On the Ancestors

 

of JD Eduard Brzorád, a Young Czech member of the Austrian Imperial Council and the Diet of Bohemia.

 

Chronicles of the von Herites, von Krziwanek, Delorme and Brzorád families.

 

Written by Jan Steinbauer, translation © Mary Petersen

 

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Familie von Herites

 

 

 

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Introduction. 2

The clan of Master Butchers of Horažďovice (1600-1775) 3

Jan Herites (+1680), butcher, mayor of Horažďovice. 4

Václav Herites (1648-1742), butcher 5

Matěj Herites (1705-1775), butcher 6

Father Wenzel Adalbert Herites Freiherr von Herites (1734-1822), St. Vitus provost and dean at All Saints. 7

Johann Freiherr von Herites Matzner (1769-1841), director in Dejvice and master  of Nový Stránov. 34

The Matzners. 34

Studies and start of career 35

Barbara Vašátková from Senftenberg (1777-1843) 35

Ennoblement 36

A great lover of old Czech books. 38

Bi-annual meeting of the patriotic literary society in Spálené Poříčí. 40

House Nr. 378 in Karmelitská. 40

Baron von Herites’ Shrovetide Conspiracy. 42

Caroline Baronin von Herites (1804-1876) and groom Eduard Krziwanek (1799-1876) 45

Anwesenheit Ihrer K.K. Majestäten Franz der Ersten und Caroline Auguste in Böhmen im Jahre 1833. 50

Deutschbrod. 54

Havlíček’s letters. 56

Maria Baronin von Herites (1816-1885) and her groom Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez (1812-1882) 64

Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez in last years of Karel Havlíček Borovský. 74

Thadeus Freiherr von Herites (1803-1887), k. u. k. Captain and brothers. 83

Vinzenz Freiherr von Voith = Herites Sterbez (1842-1912), a major and his siblings. 93

Rudolf Voith von Sterbez (1848-1905), k. u. k. captain, Master of Osečany. 95

Josef Suk and the Voiths in Osečany. 98

Baronesses Hermine (1851-1922) and Berta (1844-1920), 103

JD. Leo Prziborski-Voith-Herites (1867-1940), lawyer 114

 

 

Familie von Krziwanek

Familie Delorme

Familie Brzorád

 

Family trees

Name index

Supplements

 

This edition is an English version of the project O Předcích / On the Ancestors covering it for the years 2002 – 2017. The original version of this work was self-published in Czech language by printing a small edition in the spring of 2009.[1] The new additions, which keep springing up, are still added on an annual basis in the Supplements section of the internet project. Material for future additions, corrections and comments sent to the email opredcich@seznam.cz, are therefore greatly appreciated.

 

 

Introduction[2]

 

Memories of the clan of von Herites first tell of six generations of butchers, leading “city men”, whose descendants will receive the title of noblemen, who will be able to buy a castle and manage an estate. We will focus our attention the most on the life of provost and dean of St. Vitus cathedral and a dean of the chapter of All Saints, Vojtěch (Adalbert) Baron von Herites and his nephew, the director of the estate in Dejvice and the lord in Nový Stránov by Mladá Boleslav, Baron Johann von Herites. Of all the characters in this story, these two were faced with the greatest responsibility for people and property entrusted to them. But after them came new generations without male offspring, and the family name was retained only through adoptions. The noblemen predicate apparently was extinguished even before the breakup of the empire and kingdom; the family name became extinct with the dead of World War II.  It is therefore necessary to complement the whole narrative by another chapter, dealing with the family of Caroline née Baroness von Herites "Familie von Krziwanek”, into which blood kinship and adoptive relations lead. The story winds through relentless struggles not only in faith, but also in the national and linguistic affiliations of each generation.

In addition to the characters of the family such as: writer František Herites, or canon Herites from the novel by Alois Jirásek, “F. L. Věk”, in the text we also meet with a prominent Jesuit Albert Chanovský of Dlouhá Ves, “písmák”[3]  Jan Vavák, "a choir of Czech veterans" (poets Sebastian Hněvkovský, P. Antonín Puchmajer, Jan Nejedlý), Friedrich Emanuel Tiersch (later the Sokol founder known as, prof. Miroslav Tyrš), or postal officer and writer Jiří Karásek of Lvovice, who, thanks to his contacts with the family, brings a new perspective on the relationship between journalist Karel Havlíček (Havel Borovský) with Voith, the district magistrate at his deportation from Německý Brod. This moment is examined along with the situation after Havlíček’s return where the district magistrate Voith tries again to be of benefit to him. The above said district magistrate is in both situations, the husband of the second baroness von Herites, Marie, Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez. In a subsequent chapter "Familie von Krziwanek" we will continue to follow a personal relationship that Havlíček had at the same time with the husband of Baroness Caroline, Eduard von Krziwanek. We will explore the hypothesis that Havlíček had been very close to the family von Herites and Voith von Sterbez since his early student years. 

 

The clan of Master Butchers of Horažďovice (1600-1775)

         Before the name Herites includes "Baron von", five generations of this family in Horažďovice were butchers. This name was firstly appropriated, maybe adopted from the French meaning “the inherited”, maybe latinized as it was a custom at the time, by a butcher Ondřej (Andrew) later called Herites of Mirotice. He was the son of the butcher Jiří Holeček, who lived in the late 16th century in Mirotice, where a mayor Holeček is mentioned no later than 1538. Ondřej Herites relocated to Horaždovice around 1600. In 1601 Ondřej Mirotický together with Jakub Hollar were imprisoned by Teobald Švihovský, the Horažďovice manorial Lord, because they came to complain about regulations issued by him. In 1616 Andreas was among the citizens of Horažďovice sent to Prague Castle over  Teobald Švihovský’s regulations. In the list of 13 people he is signed as „Andrea Mirotický“ (Andreas of Mirotice) aka „Mozol[4]“.[5] Unfortunately, the house that he bought here, burned down with the whole of Horažďovice in 1619.  Since 1570 Czech Brethren preachers[6] had settled in Horažďovice  so at the time of the Battle of White Mountain (1620) the townspeople were of “both religions”. The confiscated estate was later purchased by Count Šternberk and the Counter-Reformation began in 1624, when the citizens were called to the town hall to declare their true faith; among them also was Andreas of Mirotice. All declared that they wanted to remain with their old faith.[7]

 

Jan Herites (+1680), butcher, mayor of Horažďovice

Ondřej’s son Jan was, after his father's death in 1627, told that "if he does not intend to accept the Catholic religion he could not continue his craft…  During the book inspection in the households of citizens, which was conducted in 1636 by the famous Jesuit Albert Chanovský from Dlouhá Ves, the search was also performed in the house of Jan Herites where 7 valuable books were found ".[8] These were: Bible of Melantrich, Postills credited to His Grace Lord of Rožmberk (Rosenberg), Passional,  Czech Hymnals: „Kancionál Český“ and „Písně roční“, Herbarium and a book of medicine in Czech and German language.[9]

         The Butcher Jan Herites was already a leading townsman. In Horažďovice he owned  house Nr. 3 in the town square next to the castle, he was allotted two spots in the meat market and sat on the council of the manorial lords. "In the year 1647 he was sent together with the mayor by the surrounding communities to Prague, to visit their gracious and hereditary nobility, in a matter of privileges of which they had been since the  ancient times deprived.“[10] For many years he was a mayor himself. Jan was very successful, so in his will of 1681 was left 20 hectares of arable fields, 4 meadows of two-horses-drawn wagons of hay, vineyard/s, fields of hop, horses, cows, sheep and pigs. According to the notes in the town registry book, his second wife survived him by at least 17 years, "AD 1697, on 15th of  November Mrs. Voršila Heritesová ,, widow of Jan Herites (+ r. 1680), standing personally before the mayor in the presence of witnesses made a declaration, that she has ceded her  house with brewing rights and in perfect condition (No. 3) and the sum of 300 gr (that is 350 Rhenish guilder), together with the lower butcher shop to her son Václav, in such a way, that he would her Voršila, his mother, keep with him at all times, would not deprive her of anything, but will cherish her, as a son should. ... "[11] Of the seven children only two became powerful clans of Herites. The Floryan’s branch, whose descendant provided one of the valuable sources, will not be followed here any more, however.

 

Václav Herites (1648-1742), butcher

 

         The main heir Václav was equally capable. He also lived in house No. 3, which only at the time of making of his will in 1740, did he designate for sale and division of the money. By his marriage to his first wife, née Alšová from Mirotice, he could claim a relationship to the painter Mikoláš Aleš (born in 1852), his second wife was Kateřina. In the archives of Horažďovice the name of writer Václav Herites and his wife Kateřina are often mentioned . He lived as a widower till 1742 when he was 94 years old. In “fasse” (an older name for tax returns) to Maria Theresa’s cadastre from year 1721 however he is listed as "Václav Herites, butcher of inadequate health". However, the property was found by "visual inspection” to have "6.5 ha of arable fields, meadows of hay for 2 wagons, and 1 wagon of grass, two oxen, one cow, two heifers, 8 sheep and 1 pig. House No. 3 in a bad shape. " The same document also mentions his brother Florian:" butcher extremely poor, lives from the fields, floryán house No. 17 in a very bad condition". Of the eight children three were sons. Of them, Father Václav Floryán, parish priest at Chotětov ceded his inheritance to his brothers and even founded the first Herites foundation with the capital of 1,600 zl, of which 5% interest was to be used for the descendants of the Herites family to ease the cost of learning regardless of the type of school.[12] Father Vaclav Floryan was also the parish priest in Tynec nad Labem in years 1747-1761. (In 1757 the Major of the Infantry Regiment of Archduke Charles, Baron Vitez with several of his officers turned and began a march to Týnec nad Labem. There they spent the night at the presbytery with Dean Václav Herites and in morning during the Holy Mass Baron Vitez,  accompanied by the organ played on his beloved violin, which he always carried along with him. He played St.Wenceslas’ song with which everyone was impressed. On June 18, 1757, the second day, he (the Baron) defeated Frederick the Great at the Battle of  Kolín. [13])  The remaining two sons, Josef and Matěj both married daughters of Horažďovice, a soap maker and a rich townsman, Linhart Tiller.

         Also noteworthy is Josef’s very detailed last will which has survived from 1759. It gives an insight into the contemporary baroque household, its economics and cultural conditions. Inventory of the estate of a wealthy townsman contained, next to numbered cattle and grain: "42 pewter plates, 17 pewter bowls,  copper utensils were already distributed to heirs; paintings and wooden "Einrichtung": a little alter with 12 little pictures,  paintings of St. Maria of Přešťice, Sušice, St. Ann, 2 images of St. Pellegrino, the  patron of sufferers from gout . On the wooden Einrichtung: 1 kneeler, 1 mirror, 1 sofa, 1 Spanish wall; 1 "wäschkostin."[14]

         Josef’s branch is interesting due to the fact that his son Václav married a relative of Horažďovice’s native Thomas Budetius (1716-17378), an abbot of the monastery of Zbraslav, Aula Regia, and also because it leads to probably the most famous bearer of the name, the writer from Vodňany, Doctor of Pharmacy František Herites (1851- 1929). But it was only because the writer's father was as an illegitimate child, born 11 months after the death of the husband of his mother. He was adopted by the childless, affluent sister of the guilty mother, Antonia. Antonia  was married to a town councillor and jurist Jan Ignác (John Ignatius) Herites. The writer František Herites’ daughter Maria Antonia, a violin virtuoso, is then incorporated into our story, as - thanks to her  surname “Herites” - she could use recommendations from Baroness von Voith Sterbez and later hospitality from Dostál’s family in the US St. Louis for the start of her American career. The Dostál’s were not very excited about the level of her play, and thus her subsequent pedagogical career in America can be attributed to the poor, overall level of the local music education.[15]  František Herites’s second daughter Božena, a professor of languages, worked on the genealogies of the Herites family and her work has been preserved in Vodňany museum. We will not deal with Josef’s branch any further.

 

 

Matěj Herites (1705-1775), butcher

 

The second son, and brother of Josef,  was Matěj  (Matthew) (1705-1775).  Nor did he come out of a marriage to the daughter of Horažďovice soap maker Tiller empty handed.  Besides the considerable wealth he inherited, there was a scholarship established with the money from the sold land, whose principal investment of 650 zl. increased in value over time considerably.  Butcher and townsman of Horažďovice Matěj contributed to many students for their studies. He and his wife had bought a lot of land and fields. Matěj bought from his father his meat shop and from his father-in-law the Tiller house. His assets were eventually evenly divided among three daughters and four sons. Why is it that the only remaining family line is the one of his daughter Rozina? And why is it that just her children will get the wealth and a noble title?

          Let’s mention now at least briefly all the siblings. Two daughters married into Strakonice. The two, however, as widows eventually fell under the care of their brother Father Michael Emanuel, Dean of Volyně, who sold his land to Rozina. Also another brother, Father Antonín (Anthony), Dean of Týnice nad Labem, was a priest and in his legacy and in the name of "brotherly love" gave up his assets for his sister. The third brother Father Václav Antonín (Wenzel Adalbert) was probably the most outstanding character and thanks to his career advancement he enabled “upward mobility” for his family clan. However as a priest he could not “multiply”. That leaves the main heir, Jan Herites, longtime mayor and an honoured city councilor of Horaždovice. Property therefore through gifts and buys comes to him and also to his third sister Rozina, and her husband Jan Matzner. In 1805 Jan Herites however, „wrote and signed with his own hand his last will as a childless and aged widower." He had sold the majority of his farm to the husband of Rozina, Jan Matzner. From the capital thus obtained Jan Herites established two foundations. First 1000 zl. went to one patient of a hospital  and 1400 zl. to a scholarship. "Priority right for both foundations have the children from sister Rozina Matznerová,  Jan and Antonín,  with the title Baron of Herites and after them again their heirs, with the condition of preferential rights of descendants of blood relatives of Matthew and Dorothy Herites." For moral obligation he required them to pray three times a week the rosary for the founder and to go to confession on the Marian Feast Days about which he made a remark: "..so that I would have a spiritual profit of those foundations, and my soul an eternal spiritual refreshment enjoyed."[16] Also the last part of the will is worth mentioning, "To friends of my wife Ludmila Zahořová I am not obligated by anything, because there is nothing left after her, but only great damages and debt I was brought to by her."

         We see, that the property acquired by several generations of butchers of Horažďovice ended up in the family of Rozina Matznerová, born Heritesová. But the person who most affected by the further history of this clan is undoubtedly her brother Father Wenzel Adalbert Herites. His own ascension has always been associated with generosity to his siblings and then continues to the generations of descendants of his sister. Let's now focus our attention on him .

 

Father Wenzel Adalbert Herites Freiherr von Herites (1734-1822), St. Vitus provost and dean at All Saints

 

Father Wenzel Adalbert Herites (1734-1822) graduated as did his brothers with the help of the family foundation. As a Master of Arts and Bachelor of Theology from the university in Prague he was then appointed parish priest in Týnec nad Sázavou in 1772.

          

 In 1777, Wenzel Adalbert’s brother, Antonín Herites succeeded him, and later became dean there because at that time Father Wenzel Adalbert was appointed the canon of Metropolitan Chapel of St. Vitus. (Thus we find him in Alois Jirásek’s novel about the life of one of the first poets revivalist F. V.  Hek, called “F.L Věk”.) Leopold Hay, bishop of  Hradec Králové[17] described Týnec parish priest Antonín Herites as a man who can live with the local non-Catholics in peace, a man who is able to gain their trust and who does all in such a manner that also leaves his Catholic flock in peace.[18]

 

P. Wenzel Adalbert was a celebrated German preacher at that time. [19] His work after the Patent of Toleration by  Joseph II  from 1781 is documented by Jan Vavák, about whom we read: "This Milčice mayor fell into a  fury against the patent for several years. The effect of three Prague canons and several priests from Poděbrady to Vavák was so powerful, that Vavák, when he finally got the Patent of Toleration  in his hands and wrote it in his memoirs, still did not believe its words, but only the interpretation of the canons Kvis, Herites and Kriegr. They then preached against the patent wildly ... "[20].

 

Wenzel’s brother Antonín Herites at the time was the religious commissioner of the Chrudim region. In 1782, in the minutes of the Gubernium[21] (country’s highest administrative office) the following mention appears : "… According to the decree of January 25 Herites is [22] supposed to come to solemn declaration. Mainly, it is necessary to keep calm and act with prudence ... “[23]  In 1782, Wenzel Adalbert also served as a religious commissioner in Humpolec. He wrote a report[24] about his work there, in which he highlighted the impact of non-Catholics in Humpolec on rural surroundings, with the belief that if the people in Humpolec were converted, many people in the country would convert too. These details interest us because it was just this Herites' work and influence on non-Catholics, which were later awarded with the title of nobility.

         The nature of Herites' work may be illustrated with the following passage: "Certain Hrejsa had three late-night talks with Herites. Then again Václav Herites visited him at his home, where they talked for more than two hours about the way to salvation. As the canon states, reversing the man would gain even more because Hrejsa was enjoying their great esteem. First Hrejsa agreed to convert  to Catholicism the next day, but he decided not to do so. He will, however, be no hindrance to his wife and two daughters in their conversion to Catholicism."[25]

Also the case of weaver Václav Lešovský shows the work of Wenzel Adalbert in Humpolec.  The local Catholic parish priest exacted two gulden from the weaver as a penalty after being convicted of keeping heretical books before the release of Patent of Tolerance. This penalty should have been used for the reconstruction of the altar. In the presence of Herites weaver Lešovský rebelled against the Catholic clergy, which Herites wanted to clarify. The meeting then concluded that the Catholic parish priest did not act properly in fining Lešovský. Herites subsequently ordered that he be returned two gulden and the parish priest was to recite “the hours” for the weaver. Furthermore, the parish priest was to serve the catechesis on Sundays and feasts and with the chaplain to perform the catechesis in the village. Similarly, he was told to avoid enumerating people professing other religions. [26]

Finally, Wenzel Adalbert Herites was issued a certificate reflecting his work in Humpolec. Presentation of the city, who issued this, testified that Herites did not use even a single derogatory word in the committee, but that he treated everyone as a kindly father. During Herites’ action in Humpolec the total of 24 people converted back to Catholicism.[27]

 

Wenzel Adalbert at this time apparently proved his ability, and received praise from the Emperor Josef II.. Bishop Podlaha [28] writes: "in 1783 from the Archbishop who thanks to Emperor Joseph II., who enabled tolerance of the Protestant religion was (Herites) designed (sent) to search for  heretics, and many of them healthily restored in piety (brought to the Catholic faith ), and for this excellent work he was rewarded by Emperor Joseph II. via promotion (donation) to knighthood  (imperial title of nobility with the Czech Inkolat and the nobiliary particle "von") [29] and in 1783, 19.4. in the Chapter of Church of All Saints at Prague Castle appointed (by one of the canons) the Dean."[30] The history of the Chapter of All Saints [31] tells us that it was demanded from the candidates that they lead an exemplary life and pastoral zeal, research and teaching activity. "... Also, when awarding the Chapel (of All Saints) deanery to V. V. Herites 19.IV.1783 ... his past behavior and work among non-Catholics was stressed. Many of them were recruited  for his "gentleness and ability to explain the truth." Attributing to him also the merit of the fact, that as a priest in Týnec nad Labem he encouraged and set an example to his religious brother Karel Vorel from Žleby, well-known in 1782 for his apostolic activities in Eastern Bohemia."[32].

         Father Václav Vojtěch,  now a noble knight of Herites - Wenzel Adalbert Ritter von Herites - when choosing his coat of arms acknowledged his origins and placed the butcher's axe with a long haft into the right half. In the second half, then the pyramid resting on four balls with one ball on top. (The fountain in Horažďovice might have been the inspiration.) Czech inkolat meant the right to buy goods in Bohemia and the predikat phrase here is "von Herites" Czech "z Herites/u”.

 

Prague composer Johann Anton Koželuch (1738-1814), who was the St. Vitus dome choir’s director in years 1784-1814 asked Václav Vojtěch Herites to stand as godfather to his two sons. That way the provost met the Mozart’s hosts Mr. And Mrs. Duschek, who witnessed the baptism. „On June 26th 1784 another Koželuch’s son was born, christened Wenceslaus Franciscus Xaverius. The godfather was Wenzel Adalbert von Herites… Among the witnesses of the baptism were Barbara  Stingl, composer Franz Duschek and publisher Johannes Carl Hraba. … On the 21st March 1787 another son of the composer is recorded in the registry, christened Franciscus Xaverius Joannes Nepomucenus, again from house number 92. Again the godfather was Wenzel Adalbert von Herites (1734-1822), the St. Vitus Chapter dean. The witnesses of the baptism were the singer Josepha Duschek and the publisher Johann Carl Hraba.“ [33]

 

In 1785 his sister Rozina’s husband, Jan Matzner, the butcher of Horaždovice, drove his son Jan "to Prague to the gentleman canon”.  This nephew Jan then studied, as well as his younger brother Antonín, later on, in Prague under the protection of his uncle, dean Vojtěch.

 

Dean Vojtech, however, had not only been taking care of his nephews, but also the Royal Chapel of All Saints at Prague Castle, where he had the tomb of St Procopius covered in marble, and from the same material procured the main altar steps and floor of the sacristy. He was also able to get a better organ from a dissolved monastery.

 

In 1790 he As a canon at St. Vitus he was very active in the course of the lively sessions of the Bohemian Estates’s diets of 1790, when the Bohemian estates tried to get more power and independence from the centralistic Viennese authorities. He was a member of the estates’s committee and signed a complaint against some of Emperor Joseph’s laws. Amongst others they asked for the return of Straka foundation’s property, or special justice for the people of estates (clergy, nobility, burghers). [34]

 

In 1791 he participated in the committee debate on the implications of the law on joint burial of non-Catholics and Catholics. He warned then that this practice would raise religious hostility.[35]

 

Crown jewels from Viennese Schatzkammer (treasury) were at the occasion of coronation of Leopold II. Czech King transferred to St. Vitus Cathedral on 9. August 1791, and between 1 and 7 p.m. exhibited in the chapel of St. Wenceslas to the people. Then they were locked up in a chests made for this, which was put in a chamber and then 5 keys to its iron door were distributed. One of them was received by "Herr Domdechant an der Metropolitankirche Wenzel von Herites in Namen des Domkapitels". The key to the wooden door and the casket was entrusted to be looked after him well. Dome’s dean Herites is found even in the list of diners at the coronation banquet at the twelfth table. A memory brochure by Debroise John von Bruick contains a remarkably detailed picture of the event. [36]

On December 10th 1792  the estates of Bohemia elected a lawmaking commission of 9 members for the work on a new Code. Amongst the elected we find the dean of the chapter Herites, Vojtěch Count Černín, Michal Count Kounic, Leopold Count Špork, Adam Baron von Eschenreich, Josef von Prainhaelter, Václav Slivka, K. Baron Böhm and Adam von Knudratic.[37]

In March 1792, at the funeral of the Emperor and the Czech King Leopold II he celebrated the Requiem Mass , and in July, on the day of the coronation of Francis II, it is not the Archbishop, as would be expected (he only welcomed the king) , but the dean of the Royal Chapel of All Saints Václav Vojtěch von Herites, who celebrates the Mass. In 1793 he reached the height of his career and became superior of the Metropolitan Chapter of St. Vitus - a provost. He thus became "the first dignity after the Archbishop"[38]and also the administrator of the great assets of the chapter, which included several estates.

 

Provost’s house at Prague Castle, number 48

 

The seat of the provost was no. 48, one of the oldest buildings in the Prague Castle with the provost's chapel of St. Moritz, on the right side of the entrance to St. Vitus Cathedral. The tympanum above the entrance to the provost residence bore the coat of arms of the prelate in office.

 

Detail of  tympanum above the entrance

 

As provost he also became a user of the estates of Dejvice and Hostouň belonging to the provostry where he immediately appointed his nephew Jan Matzner director.  His services proved successful - his uncle later wrote about him, that as his agent he has administered all the estates to his perfect satisfaction "... mein Herr Johan Neffe Freiherr von Herites als mein Bevollmächtigter dir samentlichen Domproebstlich Guetter seit dem Jahr 1794 bis .. zu meiner vollkomensten Zufriedenheit verwaltet hat ... "[39]. - Jan Matzner stayed in his uncle’s services until his death.

         The detail of Jan Matzner’s introduction into office can be found in provost Herites’ enemy Dr. Held's memoirs: “The previous Dejvice director, a certain Juna, the father of a very large family, especially of many daughters, one of whom is still today (24. May 1844) the superior in the Ursuline monastery in Kutná Hora, had a really hard fate: Herites  after its installation as the Dom Provost, held a splendid feast  in Dejvice, which lasted for three days. Everyone was in a good mood, everyone was intoxicated with joy; but director Juna on the third day, when he sat down to the table, found under his cutlery a note about his release from service.”[40]

 

In January 1794, the nephew Jan Matzner, now director of Dejvice estate married the daughter of a brewer from Choteč Jan Vašátko at his uncle P. Vojtěch’s chapel of St. Moritz in the Prague Castle. The sister of the bride had already been married for five years to the Knight Stockar von Bernkopf, an “obroční”[41], the son of forester”, both in the service of the St. Vitus chapter. Needless to say, that in the following years Knight Stockar was gradually promoted up to the chief director of the estate of the chapter (first in Vrané and later in Spálené Poříčí).

 

 

Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Proboštství s kaplí sv mořice Josef Mocker

Provost’s residence with the chapel of St. Maurice, drawing by Josef Mocker , 1st floor plan [42]

 

Also in 1794, the name of the new owner of the estate and castle of Nový Stránov by Mladá Boleslav, appears in Zemské Desky.[43] It is Johann von Herites. However, it seems that it was rather his uncle P. Wenzel Adalbert von Herites who purchased the estate with a castle, the agricultural office and a church with the castle chaplain. The villages Jizerní Vtelno, Písková Lhota, Zámostí, Strašnov and Voděrady belonged to the estate representing 1671 ha of arable fields, meadows, forests, lakes, pastures and gardens [44] . The estate also featured, for example 1,253 residents, 84 horses, 394 cattle, 2,124 sheep.[45]

 

Castle Nový Stránov by E. W. Piskatsch [46]

 

The contemporary appearance of Stránov is described in great detail in the whole chapter dedicated to Nový Stránov in the “Castles and Fortresses of the Kingdom of Bohemia X.” by  A. Sedláček.[47] Its state in 2003, that is before the reconstruction of the devastated church, is captured in the fairy-tale “O svatební krajce” (About Wedding Lace) filmed for Czech Television by director J. Chlumský.

         Before the Lords of Herites Stránov was owned by František de Paula Antonín Count Příchovský, whose father, Count Jan Václav (1706-1781), came to Stránov by marrying into the previous owners the lords of Lišov, who had owned Stránov since the Thirty Years’ War. It was in Stránov, where the famous book of memoirs “Rodinné Paměti” by Lidmila Alžběta z Lišova[48] was written.

         Regarding the purchase in 1794 one of the municipalities of Stránov’s estate magistrates wrote in the chronicle that Nový Stránov was at that time managed by Francis Count Příchovský from Příchovice who put it into such a debt "that sequestrator[49] had to be appointed, and later the estate was sold. Because of the debts on the estate no one wanted to buy it; it would be bought later by Wenzl Herites at that time very gentle provost of Prague in 1800 in the month of February ... "[50] Regarding the whole exchange,  a deed has been preserved as well dated  December 1801, which lists Johann Ritter von Herites as a buyer, a participant uncle P. Wenzel Adalbert and a brother Anton as a witness. The charter apparently also addresses the obligations arising out of the bankruptcy and dates the purchase back to the year 1794. [51]

         It seems that Francis de Paula Count of Příchovice also sold Stránov to the barons of Herites for another reason. He was the nephew of the Prague Archbishop Antonín Petr, Count Příchovský who owned the nearby beautiful estate of Benátky, and was as his superior very close to the provost P. Vojtěch Baron von Herites. Archbishop Příchovský died in 1793 and bequeathed Benátky to his nephew Francis.

In other references to the Stránov estate we encounter mostly the owner’s uncle - P. Václav Vojtěch. He spent his summer months there and in winter he returned to Prague.[52]  That the estate administration required a steady hand and that it was not simple, is well documented by several events that awaited here the lords of Herites, and to which we shall return later.

 

Nový Stránov, printed in Prague

 

Beside being the Dean of the dome and the chapter, in 1794 Wenzel Adalbert also served as an Archbishop’s consistorial councilor.  Amongst other "Domherren zu St. Veit ob dem Prager Schloss" in 1794 there is the future archbishop Chlumčanský, or Johann Jacob Goshko von Sachsenthal(1746-1820).[53] The owner  of the Věž estate in the years 1792-1795 was his cousin Leopold Goshko v. S. (1757-1831), a merchant and postmaster in Jihlava.  As members of Jihlava family they might well have known the Křivaneks and thus their relationships might have been behind finding the match for Caroline née von Herites. What’s more, Leopold's brother Jakub (1752-1813), was a Jihlava reeve and a member of the Masonic Lodge "U pravých spokojených přátel” in Brno.[54] (Cf. The free mason in Brno’s lodge and Eduard von Krziwanek’s uncle Dr. Johann Krziwanek.)

        

In the years 1795-1796 the Provost P. Vojtěch and his officials negotiated skillfully with courtly authorities and via reasonable steps in an auction they gained the Komornický estate for the chapter.  Thus by the substantial expansion of the Dejvice “Meierhof” (estate) they made it Grossgrund – Velkostatek (an estate with more than 100 ha).[55]

 

4. 11. 1796 on the day of the Archduke’s birthday all the “creams” of  society, not excluding even the abbess of Hradčany Damen Stift, Archduchess Maria Anna gathered in Church of Our Lady before Týn at the Mass celebrated by St. Vitus’ provost Václav Knight Herites.[56]

 

On 3. 2. 1797 the Emperor granted the request for transferring  P. Vojtěch’s knighthood, nobiliary particle - predikat, coat of arms and the Czech inkolat to the two sons of his sister Rozina - Anton and Johann Matzner.[57]   On the same day the brothers were elevated to knighthood. [58] With the title of Knight of Herites - Ritter von Herites they also received their uncle's coat of arms. The letters patent  (the original documents of this event) - beautiful books in hard cover of size larger than A4, with pages made of  white leather, with a coloured full-page crest, with great imperial seal attached (figure below for comparison with 6 cm long key FAB) - is still stored in the Kolín archive.[59]

 

 

         The Knights’ coats of arms can also be compared in the surviving seals. In the coat of arms of P. Vojtěch we see a miter and a pastoral crosier as a crest (the figures placed on top of the  tournament helmet), while in the one of Jan Matzner, now Johann Ritter von Herites we see an axe in open eagle wings and three ostrich feathers.

 

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Seals of P. Václav Adalbert and John Matzner - Knights of Herites, year1801[60]

 

On the Stránov estate, subjects in the time of Count Příchovský, instead of performing corvée, paid  so called contributions, the land tax. As we know, the Count ran the estate into debt, and that is probably why provost P.Václav Vojtěch von Herites left his subjects "at urbarium" only until 1803, when he "imposed corvée again”.  After that farmers had to work on the estate "while walking and on horseback", exactly according to classes in the patent under Maria Theresa in 1775. Thus, they complained at the district office, which therefore in January 1804 sent a commissioner with a "company of grenadiers" and 20 hussars (light cavalry). In Vtelno the soldiers then "forced everyone mightily to work, and took one by one for questioning with these words - do you like to work, or do you want to lie down?" ... Then the peasant women rose up and they wanted to beat up the administrator, the commissioner, the military officer and the clerk. The soldiers prevented this and took a magistrate to lock him up in the castle and they wanted to have him beaten. The next day some neighbors harnessed the horses for the corvée, and then the administrator also had some neighbors from Lhota and Strašnov closed in the pub overnight. When the people from Voděrady were asked at the hearing whether they "want to go by fair means, or want to be beaten first" everyone said "When we must go, we must go."  Then a protocol was written which stated that that they must go and are forced to go, to which a magistrate Šulc in the chronicle noted, "Besides, if everything had to be written and recorded, it would take a lot of paper."[61]

 



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Castle Nový Stránov (appearance before the reconstruction 1890-4 )[62]

 

In May 1804 a conflict occurred between a  farmer from Vtelno,  Maštalíř and Stránov’s scribe. He criticized Maštalíř that he went out to plow an hour late: Scribe: "Maštalíř, you don’t know when you have to harness?" Maštalíř: "I know but I will catch up!" Scribe: “As a farmer and landowner you should  set an example , you deserve to get expelled! " Maštalíř: "But I know when to start! And don’t need such a long sermon from  you!" Scribe: "Watch your speech, don’t talk to me in such a way, you churl!" "The scribe walks up to Maštalíř waving a stick in front of him. Maštalíř:" I've had enough! If you want, come and strike me. But then you shall find out what will happen to you. Command in your office, here you have no one to command!"When the scribe saw that Maštalíř was not afraid, he went away taking care of the corvée; but when he came home, he wrote a complaint about Maštalíř for failure to appear at work on time and for insulting speech. Maštalíř then failed to appear at the office in Stránov after several summons. He did not arrive until after eight days when the regional office got involved. Eight days later the porter brought the ruling: "Maštalíř will make up for his missed hour of work. 2. For his abusive language against Mr. scribe he is sentenced for two days in irons 3. That he has not appeared at the court, he gets prison time for six days heightened by wearing iron while on bread and water." The narrator of the story,  teacher Vaněk from Bezno adds:" And so Maštalíř sat eight days in irons with only bread and water, an experience so annoying that no more times would he miss his work"[63]

 

View of Nový Stránov castle from the beginning of 19th century. Across the valley there is Krnsko castle (cutout).[64]

 

In 1805 on January 21st the provost, knight Václav Vojtěch Herites together with his nephews Johann and Anton, were elevated to the status of free lords  - Freiherr.[65]  A free lord or Baron, or German Freiherr had to pay a fee of 3150 gulden, and as from this promotion such a beautiful nobility charter called "Adelsdiplom" has survived in the Kolín archive, the amount of 315gulden for its completion was probably paid too. The coat of arms was improved by the (old) baronial crown with eight (five visible) pearls on a gold headband alternating with emeralds and rubies.[66] That way the coat of arms was drawn and recorded into Zemské Desky.[67]

 

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Coat of arms in Adelsdiplom from 1805 – baronial status for von Herites[68]

 In regard to the Knights of Herites becoming  Barons we read in the book  "Last Time about Prague of FL Věk”[69]:  The St. Vitus canon, Václav Knight Herites, about whom the shameful gob of Dr. Held speaks supremely rudely, had better luck with claiming “Freiherrenstand”.. The Emperor recognized his gift of fifteen thousand in favour of charitable funds sufficient reason to inform the gubernium[70] from Mauthausen  (November 2, 1804 ) that he elevates Herites' knighthood to baronage for both  the ecclesiastical dignitary and his nephews Jan and Anton Matzner. One of them was placed, thanks to his uncle, at the Office of the  High Court Judge and the other appointed director of Provost’s estate in Dejvice. Together they owned the estate Stránov, which the canon bought for them ."[71]

         Addendum about “the shameful gob” which speaks of Castle canon Václav  supremely rudely. To understand this reference, it is necessary to get acquainted with Dr. JT Held and his later published writings.

         Jan Theobald Held, Czech doctor, composer and the rector of Charles University,  (1770-1851) left in his estate two books of German memoirs, written in the forties[72] Some chapters from the manuscript that was kept at the National Museum were later translated by Jindřich Květ for Lidové Noviny. Part of the chapter printed 31/05/1936 is devoted to the provost Herites and his two nephews. The text contains strange lampoons about lust, gluttony and malice of "Nabob" and "Brahmin" of provost Herites. The reader looses his trust in this clearly biased text especially at the end when it says that the "newly starting provost did not even have any nephews." This sentence, whatever it was supposed to prove, can not be true.[73]

         There is no reason today to search for the cause of hostility. What was in common between a Prague physician and provost Herites? What might be mentioned was Held’s relation to the Countess of Příchovský whose Testament can be found in Held’s inheritance stored in the Památník Národního Písemnictví.[74]  About Dr. Held we also read that he: "liked attending proms, concerts, academies, theater performances, tea and pleasures of all kinds. In his memoirs and letters he admits that in his life he has been “accompanied” by a lot of beautiful women. However, he never married. His greatest love was Countess Aloisie Příchovský. She was a fine, educated woman, five years older, but unfortunately married. He had met her at social parties and he was enchanted by her. That was the beginning of their relationship, which lasted 29 years. In the Prague salons, their relationship was called the scandal. In 1808 he even lived in her house at the Golden Star in Spalená street. In his youth he had an illegitimate son, but it was not known who the mother was. Held was always alone, he never married ."[75] Note that Dr. Held was a musician and Countess Příchovský, allegedly under the direction of composer Jan Křtitel Kuchař ,  became a very good pianist.   Also her extensive knowledge of art and literature is mentioned.[76]

         Let us also mention here that the husband of Countess Marie Aloisie Příchovský née von Wassmuth (1766 -1831), was Count Franz de Paula Anton Příchovský from Příchovice (1736-1814), from whom the provost Herites (apparently on behalf of his nephew Johann) bought in 1794 his indebted Nový Stránov. The uncle of Count Franz de Paula was the Archbishop of Prague Antonín Petr Příchovský (1707-1793), with whom the rise of the Provost Herites is linked from the beginning. The only son of Příchovský died tragically in 1816, when their Benátecko estate was inherited by the Counts of Thun of Hohenstein.

        

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Dr. Jan Theobald Held (1770-1851)

 

         It seems that in 1805 Karl Eugen Fürst v. Lamberg received from Václav Adalbert von Herites 5000 zl and 6000 zl. In 1808 he transferred  the 6000zl to Anton v. Herites.[77]

 

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Nový Stránov (cutout), K. Němeček, printed in “Pamětní list Boleslavska”

 

In 1806 Stránov encountered another unpleasant event. Convicts were being moved from the Terezin fortress to Špilberg in Moravia.   The Gubernium[78]  decided that on the way they would  rest in Stránov’s castle. Writing promptly to the regional office, the estate manager  said that " for so many people and horses the castle does not have enough space, tools, wood etc. and secondly the castle belongs to the first prelate of the Czech Kingdom, therefore it would be cruel to him to accommodate the convicts  here." However, the office just briefly replied that convicts were already on the way, and that “provost Herites should grab this opportunity to make the sacrifice to help the suffering people." In the end  on 7.12, 175 convicts with 54 soldiers arrived at Stránov. The surrounding landlords had the duty to supply Stránov each day with 179 loaves of bread, wood, potatoes, etc.; for guarding of the prisoners then they sent 14 men and 2 women to work in the kitchen for five days. The soldiers recovered well within one month’s stay so that the hated needed security service against which the peasants rebelled, was withdrawn in early January. An ordinary peasant Václav Míč from Bezno recalled how, “when prisoners were punished by beatings  teacher Kozák used to take us  to the castle to look at them, so that we would be terrified of evil."[79]

 

 

 

Plan of the Castle Nový Sránov in 1930s [80] 1.road from Krnsko 2. The farm Vanžurová 3. Vegetable gardens 4. Fruit garden with a zoo, 5. The former rectory in front of the gate left, 6th Gothic gateway to the forecastle, 7. Tyrš’s memorial ( 1931), 8. in front of the castle courtyard with outbuildings, 9 Castle office, 10. St. Wenceslas church, 11. stone bridge over the moat, 12. big tower from the 14th century. 13, Castle 14, Castle Park, 15. Water Tower

 

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P. Václav Vojtěch baron von Herites’ coat of arms in Zemské Desky Stavovské (Land Registry of the estates). [81] The privilege of 1805 was intabulated in 1806.[82]

 

 

The National Library[83] made accessible “Wácslav Neumann's ... Preaching on the day of St. Bartholomeus ... held in the Temple of the Lord ... in Hostaun  on August 30, 1807.” The text is notable for its linguistic quality and with its high quality printing it is relatively easy reading. We will be interested in the main characters, which are provost Václav Vojtěch baron von Herites and his brother Michael Emanuel, whom he on that occasion installed to his estate (Hostouň belonged to the Chapter municipalities) as a dean.[84]

 

In Vavák’s memoirs we read that “in 1808 on the Pentecost Monday, 6th of June a great celebration was held in the veterans home “Invalidovna” near Prague and in the surroundings and similarly to the wedding of our most gracious King Františel I. with  Marie Božena, the Empress and Queen, who on the 6th of January this year at their nuptials in Wien pleased and delighted all disabled people with food, drink and money.  Thus here in Bohemia the estates gathered and pleased and delighted the disabled – of whom there are 1300 in this house. … At 10 o’clock the General in command came being spectacularly welcomed by the present generals and general staff. The Divine services started on the square of the yard in the “Invalidovna“ house. The homily was given by canon Wagner from the Prague castle and it took ½ hour and it was in German. The High Mass was sung by P. Václav Vojtěch baron Herites, provost at the Prague castle wearing an infula[85], and then there was “Te Deum laudamus”. This Mass was attended by a festive military music band and also the artillery guns were fired.”[86]

 

The year 1808 also brought the so called Stránov’s rebellion.  It is very thoroughly described by Václav Vaněk, the head teacher from Bezno in his historical images from Boleslavska [87] According to him, then District Inspector Karel Sellner wrote in the magazine Boleslavan [88] from where we draw our information. Regarding that situation on the estate he wrote "Serfdom plagued the people; it was very cruel at Stránov because the owner, Baron Václav Herites, provost of St. Vitus chapter, was very strict and very adamant in the exercise of patrimonial rights. The people aptly nicknamed him Herod.”

The Napoleonic or “Coalition Wars” required replenishment of the army, and therefore  in the year 1803, the “lottery” had already enlisted  twenty young men into the country's defense “lantver”. Other Napoleon's efforts, however, in July 1808 before the harvest time made it necessary to draw from the fathers of families who had already served the emperor for at least ten years. Two days before the draw the pub in Zámostí was packed. Beer and liquor loosened up the tongues and "in this rebellious mood everybody denounced cruel Herod." It was agreed that everybody will accompany the veterans  to the castle and "who dares to draw the lots is as good as dead.. In the office the estate manager called upon Václav Řípa[89], a farmer from Vtelno, a retired soldier, and ordered him to draw tickets. Řípa looked around at the others and saw frowning faces, and excused himself stating that he promised the others not to draw. Manager Böhm warned Řípa: "You know what awaits you when you don’t listened to me?” Řípa answered, "Whatever happens to me, I will not draw lots”. The Manager knew what was coming and wanted right at the beginning to break the resistance of the rebels. He called the porter and ordered him to bring the bench and then exclaimed: "Řípa, I urge you last time, for you to be obedient to the imperial order.“ However Řípa stood like a pillar and the administrator, being flooded with disgust, commanded the porter to give him 25 blows.  They laid the veteran on the bench and began the procedure. The blows were strong, because after just a few Řípa toppled over off the bench and lay as if dead. In the office there was a terrible silence, but only for a moment. The rest of the veterans brought him out into the courtyard and put him under a linden tree. When the people saw what had happened, they cried, “Řípa is dead." Like a spark, falling into gunpowder, this message spread to the people. There was no one who could calm down the crowd. Memories of old injustices came alive and the crowd armed with clubs, sticks, axes and hoes rushed in their blind rage into the castle. The manager, seeing the crowd of rebels rushing in beseeched the provost to quickly flee and hide. The Provost and his castle chaplain Havránek [90] heard roaring[91]  in the office next door and lost no time. They ran[92] through the back door of the castle and hid in the ripening wheat.

 

Arched space between "room over a bridge" and towers

 

It was just as well they did so, because people vandalized the office, "searched the mansion, crying after Herod smashing everything in the room of their cruel master.“  The rebels then sent out a call into the surrounding areas for resistance, and many listened. The administrator had sent for the army in Boleslav and for the mayor Kuchta in Vtelno, to calm down the people. But, when he was finally found in a pub in Zámostí, he said he was not going to interfere. The people in Strašnov said they would wait to see what the people in Voděrady would do about this, and whose mayor Šulc wisely talked them out of taking any actions. Řípa meanwhile woke up under the tree, but he was so sick that they drove him to the doctor and gave him his last rites. Later that evening, the two army units rounded up all the rebels;  the next day the district commissioner came to write a summary of the damage. (Glass panes in the price of 175 gulden. 36 kr., also were broken [93] 3 window frames, 5 tiles on the stove, l large mirror, 1 large clock, railing at the garden, the trees have been broken,  vegetables destroyed, half broken double doors into the granary and in the provost’s in the room following things were stolen: 8 zl. in banknotes, 18 knives worth 7 zl. 30 kr., 12 tablespoons 20 kr. each, 2 English razors for 9 zl., 4 pounds of sugar per 3 zl. 22 kr., candles for 1 zl. 24 kr.) Penalty awarded were: 335 blows of a stick (8-20 shots per each), 200 blows with a broom, 74 days in jail and 473 zl. 2 kr. for damages.

 

Gateway to Stránov still with a Gothic arch [94]

 

On July 30 they were all summoned to the castle, where they were unexpectedly captured by troops and then taken to public execution in the square in Mladá Boleslav. The blows of a stick (before and after imprisonment ) could not be avoided by  the relatives of farmer Maštalíř, Václav,  a day labourer in Vtelno, or a farm worker Václav. Kateřina Maštalířová, as well as several other lactating or pregnant women were not punished and flogging was postponed. Administrators were ordered for these women;  after a later medical exam they were to be sent to Boleslav and punished. Mayor Kuchta was declared unfit for the office, he was fired and got eight days in prison, as well as Řípa, who was also punished by hard labour. The rebels were led away to prison, others were returning home in silence. The revolt ended badly. It is unwise for the villeins to disobey the regulation of imperial grace and it is a sin to rage against God-given manorial lords.

 

Detail of baron’s seal of  P. Vojtěch from 1809[95]

 

Nový Stránov, Marie Brzorádová née von Krziwanek (1834-1898) family’s album.[96]

 

In 1811 provost P. Václav Vojtěch appointed an outstanding contemporary historian Caspar Royko, rector of the university. He had a reputation as a liberal theologian, because he sympathized with the Hussite movement. However, his orthodoxy, would be proved by his last will. In it, he established a foundation for the annual Mass at the grave of St. Peter[97]. 

 

In 1813 at the age of 36, the nephew "Anton von Matzner Freyherr Herites" died from festering fever of nerves "faulen Nervenfieber.”  He had been living with his uncle since the time of his studies and after completing his law studies and working as the secretary of Provincial Court. His obituary was printed by his uncle Václav  " im Namen des Johann Mazner Freiherrn v. Herites und Maria Mazner vereheligte Eiselt"[98] He was buried at St. Matthias in Šárka in Prague.[99] In place of him, P. Václav Vojtěch took to live with him another student, Václav, the son of his second nephew - Johann von Herites, the director of Dejvice estate.

 

In his work[100] professor L. Slavíček mentioned " Václav Vojtěch Herites as the owner of a private collection of paintings.” One of his sources, dated 1813, says "In der Burg ... Beim Herrn Domprobst Herites ... findet man Ausgezeichnete Werke und viele dieser Kunst[101] (at the castle at the Dome provost Herites’s one can find many and outstanding works of this art). Another source already mentions this collection in 1803[102]. (Both sources by courtesy of L. Slavíček)

 

In 1815 Václav Vojtěch Baron Herites as a dean and archbishop's secretary gave his speech at the inauguration of Archbishop of Prague, Mr. Václav Leopold Chlumčanský, a knight from Přestavlky and Chlumčany. [103]

 

 In a book about old Prague tales and legends[104] is a story about how,  at the end of the 18th century,  Czech advent morning Masses used to be celebrated at St. Vitus to uplift the Czech spirit. Canon Wenzel Adalbert von Herites is named among those who were instrumental in it.

 

The newly unanimously elected Dean of St Vitus Chapter Fr. Pallas Nobiles de Lauro was solemnly installed  by the Chapter's provost Baron Herites on 8th June 1821.[105]

 

P.Václav Vojtěch died at the age of 86 years in 1822 of “Brustwassersucht” a flooded heart.  The Requiem was celebrated on the 14th of February at 9:00 in the St. Vitus cathedral, and on the 15th at St. Apollinaire and on the 18th in the church of St. Kajetan. He was buried in the family (private) tomb in Stránov. The obituary was published by the family and also by the archdiocese.[106] In the Kutná Hora archive [107] in addition to several of his wills there was deposited an extensive calligraphic (9 pages of manuscript oversized A4) copy of the deed "Testaments-Vergleich" signed by the heirs Johann and Barbara Frh. von Herites in 1826 in Prague.

 

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Death notice of Václav Vojtěch Baron von Herites (1734-1822), Archiv Národního Muzea

 

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Johann Freiherr von Herites Matzner (1769-1841), director in Dejvice and master  of Nový Stránov

 

Johann Matzner (1769-1841), baptized as Joannes Thomas was born in Horažďovice as a legitimate son of Jan Maczner and his wife Rosina née Heritesová (1742-1783)[108], to whose family fate was so generous.  She married a butcher Jan Matzner, who gained a good fortune through the marriage.  None of her siblings had children, so it is not surprising that her assets were estimated at the time of her death at 2199 zl.  According to a last will her husband Jan Matzner inherited property worth 4300zl. from her childless brother Jan Herites.

 

The Matzners

The father in law of Rozina, František Matzner, was a citizen of both the town of Strakonice and Horažďovice.[109]  He came from Strakonice and was accepted under the jurisdiction of the town of Horažďovice on March 17, 1721.[110]  He was also a master butcher and innkeeper in Radomyšl, where he settled with his wife Kateřina around 1730.  The brother of Rosina’s father in law, was a priest of the Maltese order P. Jan Matzner, from whom her husband got his baptismal name.  He came to Radomyšl in 1733, when he concluded the dispute with his parish in Horažďovice.  (More about P. Jan Matzner as a Horažďovice parish priest can be found in a story about the “incident on the church tower in 1717”.[111])  ”After the untimely death of P. Jan Matzner in 1740 František Matzner, innkeeper and butcher in Radomyšl together with his two brothers, raised a dispute over P. Jan Macner’s will; justifying his claims he stated that their deceased brother should have remembered them in his will, because they were, among all the families 22 persons, and they demanded an exorbitant compensation.”  The Grand Prior, however, strictly according to the order rules handed over only property acquired before entering the order.[112]

 

Rozina having died in 1783 at the age of 41 years, managed to have only three children: her daughter Maria Anna, who later married civil servant Josef Eiselt and lived in Prague, and two sons Anton and Johann.  Anton's story is more or less known since his mother died when he was six years old and since his studies he had been under patronage of his Uncle P. Vojtěch; and thus he lived and died in the provost’s house in Prague Castle.  He worked as a lawyer and died young single and childless.  It is clear that there were also some hopes imposed on him, since he was ennobled both times as well.  Thus the only other bearer of the title of nobility and the owner of the predicate "von Herites" became the first son of Rozina Johann Matzner and his descendants. Therefore, we can proceed with our attention focused on him.

Studies and start of career

Johann Matzner (1769-1841) cost his father – according to his private diary – 97 zl. in 1783. (For this he received 32 zl. from the first Herites’s foundation) For studies both sons went to Písek first, then to Prague.[113]  Johann studied in Písek’s Gymnasium at least in the years 1784-5.[114]  Antonín was not sent to study untill 1785.  Then they were taken by their father to Prague “to the gentleman canon”.  In the year 1787 his father wrote in his journal regarding  Johann, "he returned dressed in rags, I had to clothe him, cost me 45zl.”[115] 

         Otherwise, Johann probably won the confidence of his uncle, since the provost, as we know, promptly named him director of Dejvice farm in 1794.  To that also Hostouň, Zlončice, Veltěže, Zlonín, Podbaba and Šárka were affiliated.  Together a total of 1743 acres of fields, meadows, forests, lakes and gardens.[116]  As a director Johann lived with his family directly on the farm, i.e. in Dejvice number one, which was the mansion or "Schlösschen" with an apartment for a manager.  Neoclassical buildings from the period around 1800 are still preserved at the address, Proboštská 1 and the farmhouse, which houses the Prague Service is listed as a protected monument.

 

Barbara Vašátková from Senftenberg (1777-1843)

         His wife Barbara (1777-1843) was the daughter of Jan Vašátko, in 1794 a brewer from Choteč.  According to the registers records she was baptized as Catharina Barbara Waschatko, and was born November 26, 1777 in Žamberk / Senftenberg at house number 64.[117]  Her father Jan Vašátko, a  brewer from Nové Hrady (district Ústí nad Orlicí,) married Johanna (a widow) in the Žamberk parish church of St. Wenceslas 24. 5. 1763.[118]

         Johann married Barbara when she was sixteen, in 1794 in the now demolished chapel of St. Maurice at Prague Castle.  She gave birth in Dejvice, between the  19th and 38th year of her life to 14 children.  All were baptized at St. Matěj church in Šárka, and six of them died within a year.  Little Barbara died at the age of eight years.  Along with Barbara - "directress from Dejvice" as we read in one registry entry - Johann's sister, Mary Anna, married to Eiselt, was also pregnant.  Barbara then, ten days before the birth of her own child, along with her husband stood as godparents to the new niece in Dejvice.  She then had 11 days to delivery.  The von Herites however stood as godparents also to the children of Knights Karl and Anna Stockar von Bernkopf.  Anna von Bernkopf was the sister of Barbara Herites.  Therefore, they had to travel to Vrané, where their in-law Karl Stockar von Bernkopf was the director of the estate in the years 1799-1811.  In 1800 the godfather was Johann, and in 1802 Barbara and 1804 described as "venerable knight Johann von Herites Matzner, the lord of Nový Stránov and his wife." Their relationship did not remain simply as being  godparents and the family relations, therefore, were probably not just purely formal.

 

Ennoblement

 

In 1797 Jan Matzner, with his brother Anton, were ennobled.  They won the title of Knight of Herites - "Ritter von Herites", a coat of arms, which bore a pyramid and an ax just like their Uncle’s and the Czech incolate - the right to buy an estate in the country. 

 

In 1805, the two brothers and uncle were elevated to the status of ”svobodný pán”, baron (lat. Libro baro) or in German “Freyherr”.  His wife was now “svobodná paní”, a Baroness, in German “Freyin”, or “Baronin”, the unmarried daughter would be called Baroness. The heraldic change was made by adding a baronial crown above the coat of arms (it then had 5 visible beads, later 7) and the number of Helmets - a tournament helmet above the crown, a knight having two, a baron three.  We may add, also, that the use of the noble title and the coat of arms was not only a legal prerogative, but also an obligation.  “Because of the monarchy a noble title formed an integral part of the name; and the nobility were allowed to resign only with the consent of the ruler.  Non-use in official communication was also punishable.  This affected entries in the registers and other official documents, but more or less, the use of aristocratic titles was mandatory on dedicatory objects and family gravestones too."[119]  Here it is fitting to quote  the Field Marshal, his royal highness Prince Alfred von Windischgrätz, Earl of Eglof and Siegensk, Baron of Wallenstein and in Thale, who allegedly said that "a man begins only when he becomes a baron".[120]

 

 

Drawing of the seal of Johann, Ritter von Herites [121]

 

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The coat of arms form Adelsdiplom of 1797 - knighthood for von Herites[122]

 

 

 

A drawing of Johann’s iron seal was published by VJ Pelican in The Heraldic Patrol in 1933.[123] In addition, the author wrote that the iron seal is in his property and another one without the crest was purchased by Městské Museum v Praze (the municipal museum in Prague). Note that the crest is different from the uncles’ one.  We will not find even a shepherd's crosier, or miter.  In their place there are two of the crowned helmets.  Over the first there is an axe (as in its field) between two open wings,  over the second there are three ostrich feathers. Compare with its original footprint shown earlier.

Johann Baron von Heritescoat of arms, drawing of Fr. Frýb[124]

 

 

A great lover of old Czech books

 October 12, 1812 an evangelical priest Pleškány[125] wrote from Prague to a pastor in Kovánec, Molnár[126] recommending the bearer of this letter - Baron von Herites, saying the Baron, who will be the future heir to the estate of Stránov near Kovánec, is a great lover of old Czech books, of which he has over 1000.  Pleškány asks Molnár to show him his old books and tell the Baron who else in the church in Kovánec has such books.  On a note then Molnár or Pleškány noted there that the baron is missing the 3rd and the 6th volume of Kralice Bible and which Protestants in the Kovanec congregation have old bibles and other books[127] From the same source we also know that pastor Molnar was supported by Count Mirbach from Kosmanosy, who apart from money supplied him with wood, rye, wheat, pea, lentil, etc.[128]

 

Copper engraving called: Ritter Matzner von Herites was on offer in 2014 in antiquarian bookshop Bretschneider for 500,- Kč. The size is 5,5 x 7,5 cm. It is a part of the collection: Wappen – Tabelle, Publisher by Franz Geržabek printer at St Havel in Old City of Prague at the end of 18. cent..[129]

 

Bi-annual meeting of the patriotic literary society in Spálené Poříčí. 

On 30. July 1820 an evening celebration was held in Spálené Poříčí after the "bi-annual” meeting of the patriotic literary society. The event was hosted at the castle by its great patron and supervisor Karel Štokar, the brother in law to the von Herites as well as the representative of the local manorial lords. He was the local director in the years 1811-1825 and one of the main instigators to have established, as early as 1820 a Czech patriotic readers society in Spálené Poříčí.  This was the first patriotic association in  Bohemia of its kind, officially authorized by the court police in Vienna!  Karel Alois Stockar von Bernkopf even stated his contribution to the establishment of the readers company, in his request to the Emperor as one of the reasons for his ennoblement! [130]  For this evening celebration they spontaneously invited "Corps of Czech literature veterans": prof. Jan Nejedlý from Prague, Sebastian Hněvkovský from Žebrák, P. Antonín Puchmajer from Radnice, Chief Commissioner of police from Prague Jan Konrád and P. Sedláček from Pilsen, who were all staying nearby in Mirošovice.

         Among the guests of the evening festivities we find Baron von Herites with his wife from Dejvice near Prague.  We read that in the evening Klicpera’s comedy "Good morning" was played and that the "play did go very well, which was the expectation because the people who assumed responsibilities for playing the roles were patriotic ladies: noble Baroness Karolina from Herites, then Elizabeth and Barbara from Bernkopf and patriots appointed in the local office and well trained in the Czech language, Mr. Josef Moucka and Mr. Filip Hable.  ... As the prelude for the homage to the dearest mother Anne from Bernkopf the above noted maidens Elizabeth and Barbara set up a table with enlightened Czech inscriptions.  This most respected lady’s two grandchildren dressed in white, having a flowery wreath in one hand, and roses as decorations in the other circled among the crowds; meanwhile an appropriate song in the Czech language was sung in four parts. Upon completion of the play there was a friendly dinner and immense rejoicing of the sudden gathering of so noble lords and patriots.  All those present, even if they were not members of the Company, entered it and enrolled their names in the commemorative book."[131]

 

House Nr. 378 in Karmelitská

The von Herites’s whereabouts in the years 1817-1835 are not entirely clear.  In 1817 a new director of Dejvice farm started.  Whether then Johann (already a baron since 1805) von Herites was promoted in the services for the Chapter, or changed the job or just limited himself to managing his estate of Stránov is not certain. It is however certain that in 1816 the couple together bought a palace in Prague's Malá Strana, in Karmelitská street.

 

The frontage of Karmelitská Number 378 [132] and second floor plan [133]

 

         With the price of gold 55,000 of Viennese figures at that time it was an exceptionally expensive house in what was already a very desirable location.  On this house “At the Three Petals of clover”, number 378 we can still find the original stuccos and frescos.  Whether the family actually lived here, however, we do not know.  Their first born son Václav, for example, as a law student lived in the years 1817-1818 as, had his uncle Anton done before him,   at the provost’s and his parents are listed at the university archives as being from Dejvice.  Their son Jan then, according to a list of subscribers to selection of poems in 1822, is a student in Malá Strana’s Gymnasium in Prague.[134]

 

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Signatures on the contract from 1816 " Joh . Frhr.v. Herites Käufer Barbara Frein Herites mitkäuferin"

 

 

In 1822, however, the benefactor and protector of the family, Uncle P. Wenzel Adalbert died, and is then buried at Stránov.  Three years after him at the age of 28 years the favored Baron Wenzl von Herites, graduate of law and at that time already a „k. k. Gubernial Concepts Praktikant“ died as well, and is also buried in the tomb in Stránov.  The remaining brothers were already determined to be career officers in the army.  According to the Schematism the house in Karmelitská changed hands in 1829.  At that time the Herites may have already been residing in Stránov.  This letter is preserved from Vienna with Stránov’s address „A Monsieur le Baron Jean Herites“ of this year 1829.[135] Moreover, in the school year 1828-1829 his son “Anton, Knight from Herites in Stránov”, was signed up for gymnasium in Mladá Boleslav."[136]

Baron von Herites’ Shrovetide Conspiracy

In his short story "Far and Wide Branched Conspiracy[137]" FK Krouský[138] writes about the Shrovetide[139] "prank" which was engineered by a “cunning joker,” and the owner of the Stránov estate, Johann Baron von Herites, with the help of the like-minded miller Hiršl from a large mill on the Jizera river in Zámostí.  It all must have happened in the late 1820’s or early 1830’s as the story teller was born in 1823 and witnessed the events as a small boy.  It was the time of Shrovetide and Baron von Herites felt it was a pity they had not played a practical joke yet. Besides he wanted to “raise the hackles” of the miller from a small mill in Krnsko on the Strenický brook, whom he was down on.  This miller of the small mill kept a large pig, a "porker like a mountain" and needed money so badly, that he would even sell it with a 20% discount.

Hiršl was therefore sent to talk the local innkeeper and butcher Zuzák at Kocanda inn into buying the porker from the miller of the small mill, under the strict condition that Zuzák would not have to pay for the porker until it was sold again.  But the deal had to be confirmed properly before two witnesses!  Zuzák was then reassured – although yes true, it really is some kind of mischievous trick by the Baron, there is no need to worry, because "if a gentleman like our Baron stands by your side, even the gates of Hades will not overcome you.”  On Shrove Sunday, if Zuzák takes the porker from the small mill in Krnsko to his home with great splendour and fanfare, then the Baron will roll out three kegs of beer and pay for all the expenses and music.  It all should be done so that his grace’s subjects would have a good laugh at least once in their lives.

Zuzák was no disappointment.  In Krnsko, as people were leaving St. George’s church after the Shrove Sunday Mass, Zuzák was standing before the small mill in a white apron, an embroidered innkeeper’s cap, holding in his hand  the rope of the porker, which was wearing a red ribbon round its neck and a bow with rosemary on its tail.  And then there was a procession, at the head of which rode a knight on a horse, after a horde of boys, a band with a piccolo, trumpets, Turkish drum, horns and the bassoon.  Behind them Zuzák led the porker followed by a crowd stretching out a mile, so huge you could not see it all. They all marched to the Kocanda pub where music and dancing went on and on; at about eleven o'clock p.m. masquers of the Baron’s farmyard arrived and they performed such tricks, which had not been seen even in the most famous circus. They attracted the attention of the whole pub, where one could only hear shouting and laughter.

When the revelry reached its peak, the porker from Zuzák’s pigsty disappeared, without anyone noticing it.  Six fellows had a challenging job to drag it just as far as the fourth house from Kocanda. It belonged to a sack maker of the big mill.  However, barely had they scalded the porker, when it was reported missing.  The municipal council with the mayor began to walk around the village in order to inspect all the houses.  Where to put the porker now?  The sack maker came up with an idea to put it into a bed with a duvet on it.  "Woman, give me your mobcap, I will dress the porker up a bit.”  And here comes the mayor.  Having checked the stables he sees someone in the bed in a mobcap.  He asks:  "Who are you having  for a night, who?".

 

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The porker in a mobcap, ©Julie in 2016

 

"Oh it's my sick wife, please just be quiet, not to wake her up."

"In that case we should better be leaving." said the mayor sympathetically.  But he had to clamp his lips firmly not to burst out laughing, as he had been involved in the whole conspiracy as well. Indeed, for turning a blind eye later he received a half of the front half, the sack maker got the other front half and the rear half went to šalanda[140] in Zámostí.

But Zuzák had thought that he would get at least a piece of meat out of all the comedy, and yet now he had only the debt for all this merriment.  And on top of that the small mill miller was going to sue him.  The first hearing took place soon at the chamberlain’s office at the castle, there the miller was told that he must wait for the money until Zuzák cashed in the money for his porker.  In the second hearing the miller was represented by Doctor Vlček from Prague.  But then two witnesses confirmed that according to the deal, Zuzák would not have to pay, and the whole thing was left  at that.

Then the miller had no choice but to have a few pints in the brewery in Pod Krnsko and “from the lungs” he swore and cursed.  And the Baron was splitting his sides laughing, having learned about all the grouching.  "But now we will have to make up with him again," he said, and had the miller paged.

"They say you need a horse, miller?"

“It doesn’t matter if I do or I don’t.  I will buy one from you, if your offer is good.”  The Baron kept very nice horses that no one in the area could match.

"Come with me to the stables and you can pick as you please." They took it right from the beginning. The first was too shy - not that one, the second one was only for a coach - not that one either and the third one was very fat, "what with such a porker!"  sneered the miller of the small mill.

"Ah, so you dare to mock my horses?" the Baron replied angrily, "just for your information, miller, I wanted to give you the most beautiful horse from my stables, but now you have to be satisfied with that which you insulted.  Be assured, however, that its price far exceeds your lost porker.  Are you satisfied?" the Baron ended with a smile.  For a long time the miller did not understand what the Baron meant until he explained it all to him.  Then reconciled he took the gelding by the bridle, and went back home.  But he would never sell anything more to Zuzák, unless it was  just for cash.

 

 

1 Small mill on the Strenický brook in Krnsko now Nr. 43; 2 Large mill on the Jizera river in Zámostí now Nr. 23; 3 Kocanda Inn in Zámostí now Nr. 36; 4  Castle Stránov; 5 the position of the old bridge; 6 St. George’s church in Krnsko[141]

 

 

The contract for the sale of Nový Stránov Castle from 28. 3. 1830 still exists[142] The signatories for the sellers are Johann and Barbara von Herites, and as the buyer their eldest son, Thadeus, officer of the 28th Infantry Regiment. 

 

In the next two years, from 1830-1832 work began at Stránov works to dig a deep well for mining salt.  A 938.5 feet (about 280 meters) deep borehole provided a good overview of the composition and quality of the soil, but a strong spring water finished the attempts for salt mining, which probably had not occurred. [143]

 

The seal of Stránov’s estate from the purchase contract from 1830

 

Caroline Baronin von Herites (1804-1876) and groom Eduard Krziwanek (1799-1876)

 

In 1831 a glorious wedding took place in the Stránov church. The first of two daughters, Caroline Baronin von Herites (1804-1876) got married to Edward Krziwanek (1799-1876), Lord of Věž, near Německý Brod ( an estate of 870 acres).  The fact that the Familie von Herites was probably held in high standing around Stránov, is shown by the ranks of the witnesses.  They were, for example: the District Governor David Johann Gotthard Count von Mirbach, the lord of the manor of neighbouring Kosmanosy.  Also present were the neighbours from Bezno - Count Pachta, and especially his daughter Countess Johanna, later married to Baron von Kutschera, who was a friend of the bride Caroline.  The wedding will be described in detail in a later chapter about Familie von Krziwanek, but it will be helpful to notice now the family ties with von Kutschera.  The future groom of Countess Johanna - the wedding was in 1835 - was in fact the nephew and heir of Johann von Kutschera (1766-1832), a Field Marshal and politically a very influential personal aide to Emperor FrancisI.  Johanna’s son, Baron Karel von Kutschera will even take one of Křivánek’s daughters for a wife.

         The groom, Eduard Krziwanek would later be a member of the Imperial Council and Provincial Assembly in Bohemia and also an excellent husbandman, respected e.g. by K. H. Borovsky, who was also, along with J. K. Tyl a ferocious opponent of his Pan-German political involvement.  In 1848 the “fervent Czech patriot” Caroline will even have to seek protection from Humpolec’s National Guard at the Calvary in the fields of Věž.  Her husband, Edward, however, according to local chronicle "Got rolling out several kegs of beer and hence brought about a general reconciliation.”  Eduard later received praise from the emperor and even obtained a nobility title for “Merit for his active support of national welfare, as well as for his non-profit and charitable action on the general tasks resulting from this.” The Family von Krziwanek will be analyzed separately and thoroughly also because through adoption the story of the Herites name ends with their descendants.

 

 

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Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: kostel správaPopis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: Popis: kostelchatr

Church of St. Václav in Nový Stránov from a postcard dated before the destruction (top left), details of its state by the year 2000 on photographs from Ústav Památkové Péče [144]

 

 

The altarpiece of Stránov’s church of St. Wenceslas with the drawing of the castle [145]

 

 

Detail Photo from the altarpiece - The old version of Stránov. [146]

 

Portal of the church of St. Wenceslas - the coat of arms of the Lords of Příchovice [147]

 

The new owner Thadeus Baron von Herites showed his concern for Stránov’s dominion. "When a sudden thaw in 1833 melted the ice, the Jizera river destroyed the mill in Zámostí whose lord, Baron von Herites, in a short time with the help of his people rebuilt again in a very short time." [148]

 

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Nový Stránov, picture by Karel Hynek Mácha, around 1833

 

Anwesenheit Ihrer K.K. Majestäten Franz der Ersten und Caroline Auguste in Böhmen im Jahre 1833

On 3. September 1833 the imperial couple visited the Stránov estate.  That happened on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the allied Austro-Russo-Prussian victory over the French army at the North Bohemian Chuchle (29 to 30 August 1813) and the subsequent defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte called Battle of the Nations at Leipzig (16 to 19 October 1813) which opened the way to the final defeat of France.  Francis II, then Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary and Bohemia, along with his fourth and last wife Caroline Augusta of Bavaria held a tour of the countries of the Kingdom of Bohemia, during which he visited many towns and villages.  All the important places, which they traveled through, were then decorated with celebratory gates and banners. This whole journey has been documented in a book called "Denkbuch über Anwesenheit ihrer K.K. Majestäten Franz und der Ersten Caroline Auguste in Böhmen im Jahre 1833 ", loosely translated as" The Scrapbook of the presence of His Majesty Francis First and Caroline Augusta in Bohemia in 1833 ", published in Prague in 1836.[149]  Free translation of the stop at Stránov:

                   "Outside the village Lhota[150], which belongs to the Stránov estate, under the so-called peasant house (Landwirthshaus) a very tasteful, honorary gate was erected by the owner of goods in Niměřice and Skalsko Mr Johann Weitlos in cooperation with the nobility of Stránov and Krnsko, namely Lords Johann Baron Herites and His Excellency Mr. Leopold Count Spork. On display were two Doric columns 18 feet high, wrapped in flower garlands bearing ledges also decorated with flowers, over which the Bohemian crown with the scepter and the sword rested on a pillow.  Below in the green field glittering gilded letter "F. C."  At the ends of the ledges stood vases with bunches of flowers.  The side walls next to the pillars bore the words "Treue - Liebe" (Faithfulness - Love) in gilt letters.  The outer ends of the side wings were also adorned with vases with bouquets and in front of each wall stood, moreover, candelabras (candleholders) with bundles of flowers.  In this honorary gate estate owners Baron Johan von Herites and Johann Weitlos, clergy and officials of Stránov estate, Niměřice, Bezno, Sovínky and Krnsko awaited the arrival of their majesties.  Below were lavishly gathered school children and subordinates of the afore mentioned and those from more distant estates; before the honorary gate stood in two rows 20 festively dressed, girls bedecked with floral wreaths, who held white and red little flags. When Their Majesties amidst the ringing and thundering of the cannons got closer, the girls with their flags cheered, glorious cheers from whole hearts sounded along the ranks of the crowded people, accompanied by the sound of trumpets and kettledrums, and the cordial sound of the imperial anthem accompanied  the highest travelers “die Höchsten Reissenden” who answered this loving  homage with friendly greeting.  Next, the "Welcome", which was composed by parish priest of Kovánec - Karel Vinařický[151] and transported for printing by the owner of the farm, Mr. Johann Weitlos. More than a hundred copies had been distributed among those gathered before the arrival of Their Majesties.  The “Welcome” was, however, presented to His Majesty the Emperor, later in Mnichovo Hradiště since it did not appear convenient to bother His Highness on his way."[152]

 

„Slavně radostný ples se o Trosky a Bezdězy

Odrážel, kterým Tebe, Králi milostivý,

Ondy měst českých královna uvítala.

Od doby té co tvau patu líbala opět

Země Čechů, Tebe stále triumfy provázejí,

Slávnější nad vítězoslávu bojovných

Cäsarů. Strach před nimi, láska chodí ale

Před Tebou. My tady vždy okem taužebným

Patřiti tam, kde blahým Tvoje líce se zaskvěly

Otcovské krajanům, až i nám nebe přálo té

Slasti. Budiž tedy zdráv, lidu otče přelaskavý,

Vítejž nám, a raduj a potěš mezi námi se!

Patři kolem, Tvé heslo: „Pokoj“ jakové divy

Spůsobuje! Žni auroda nezdupaná divým

Války kruté kopytem rolníkovy práce pot

Nadbytem odplácí; hojné dary polní,

A množství po ladech štěpených ovoce stromů

Nákladné vozy volně přes doly, přes hory

Dopravují kladené přes mosty a silnice.

Výborná české pilnosti a průmyslu

Díla plaví se Labem, aby jich velebil kraj

Zámorský. Ty všecky p o k o j  divy působil

Nám i celé Evrópě Tebau ochráněný.

Přijmiž neskonalé zaň svého lidu vděky,

Lásku i důvěru nezrušenou! Ty pak Otče na

Výši nebes, zachovejž Františka milého nám,

Jenž Tvé dílo koná, blaho žádaje národů.“ [153]

 

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Denkbuch über Anwesenheit Ihrer K.K. Majestäten Franz der Ersten und Caroline Auguste in Böhmen im Jahre 1833, Praha 1836, pp. 134-5

 

New Stránov was ( according to the "manual" Handbuch from 1840) sold by Johann the Baron von Herites in 1834 to Frederick Knight Neupauer and his wife, Theresa, for 185,000 florins and 100 ducats of deposit (the fee before moving in, a down payment) " „…an Johann Freiherrn von Herites, von welchem es im Jahre 1834 Herr Friedrich Ritter von Neupauer, und dessen Gemahlin Theresia um die Summe von 185 000 fl. C. M. und 100 Dukaten Schlüsselgeld kaufen. …“[154] According to the Schematismus for 1834 Nový Stránov belonged to “Hr. Thadeus Freiherr v. Herites”.

 

The entry of the 1840 Handbuch on “Allodial farm Stránov” in full:

„Allodial-Gut Stranow.

Zu Anfang des »8. Jahrhunderts gehörte Stranow der gräflichen Familie Lissau; von dieser kam dasselbe durch Erbschaft an die gräflich Przichowskische Familie, und von dieser gelangte es durch Kauf im Jahre 1794 an Johann Freiherrn von Herites, von welchem es im Jahre 1834 Herr Friedrich Ritter von Neupauer, und dessen Gemahlin Theresia um die Summe von l85 ooo fl. C. M. und in Dukaten Schlüsselgelb kauften. Dieses Gut liegt zu beiden Seiten der Iser, umgeben von den Dominien Krnfko, Dobrawitz und Bezno, mit einer Grundfläche von 2,902 Joch 0,386 Q.Kl. in Dominikalgründen...969 Joch (969 = 557ha)   l,023 Q.Kl (1112ha) und Rustikalgründen (selské) 1,933 Joch 363 Q.Kl.    — enthält 5 Dörfer, zusammen mit 190 Häusern und l,260 böhmischen Einwohnern, die sich von dem Ertrag der Landwirthschaft nähren.

Der Sitz des Wirthschaftsamtes ist im Schloße Stranow, das 1 1/2 Stunde südwestlich von der Kreisstadt liegt, hat eine Schloßkapelle zum heil. Wenzel, die von ein Schloßkaplan versetzen wird. Die übrigen Dörfer dieses Guts: Iser.Wtelno, zum Unterschied von dem zur Herrschaft Melnik gehörigen Dorfe Wtelno, dann Zamost, Lhota, auch Sand- Lhota und Wodierad sind zu Pfarreien angränzender Dominien eingepfarrt.

Auf diesem Gute hat die aus 4 Mitgliedern bestehende und zur Auffindung von Salzquellen von Seiner Majestät dem Kaiser privilegirte Privatgesellschaft, an deren Spitze Hofrath Klenk steht, ihre Versuche unweit des Dorfes Zamost unternommen, wo sie zu diesem Ende ein Bohrhaus errichtet hat, und noch gegenwärtig ihre Versuche fortsetzt.“ [155]

 

         Later on, Countess Valdštejn had the castle Nový Stránov rebuilt in the Neo-Rennaisance style by the architect Schulz.  The last owner was the director of Škoda Works, Šimonek z Mladotova, who was also the last ennobled person in Bohemia.  During the time of socialism the baroque castle church of St. Wenceslas was almost completely destroyed and the tomb completely looted.  Today the church, due to the current owner, Ing. Simonka of Mladotova, has been repaired and the consecrated tomb returned to its original purpose.  The current status of Stránov’s castle and many interesting photos could be found here.[156]

Deutschbrod

         In 1835 Johann Freiherr von Herites is already reported to be residing in Německý Brod. Northbound from the monastery church (in what is now B. Kobzinové Street) there used to be a row of 7 houses with the backyards and deep gardens behind them. Only the first one remained preserved – the Štáfl’s cottage, then nr. 15. Johann and Barbara lived 4 houses higher, in nr. 19 untill their death.[157] The today demolished, single story house nr. 19 with a tall garret roof (the upper store, that can be seen on the photo was built later on in 1880’s) belonged to Jan Anton Sebenarž Edler von Herrenfels until his death. [158] Why Johann and Barbara chose this residence is unknown.  Here are at least a few facts, that might have been related to the choice of the house #19 in Německý Brod. 

         Firstly his daughter Caroline Baronessa von Herites married Edward Krziwanek, who was lord of the nearby manor Věž, but he was also a citizen of Německý Brod and owned a local pub at The Sun and several fields. 

         Secondly in 1835, apparently his second daughter Baroness Marie von Herites had already met with her suitor Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez because in 1836 both served as baptismal godparents for Mathilda Krziwanek - daughter of her sister Caroline.

         Finally Ferdinand's father, Baron Vincenz von Sterbez at the time served in the 28th Infantry Regiment with Thadeus Baron von Herites.  And about the Voiths, let’s disclose in advance that they were hereditary post masters at the post office near Kámen by Habry, one stagecoach stop from Německý Brod, where the post masters were the descendants  of Johann Anton von Sebenarž von Herrnfels. They owned several houses, no. 19, and directly opposite 24 and 25, where was the post office. Incidentally, at least in the years 1816 - 1830, according to the Schematism the "Postadministrator" in Německy Brod was certain Georg Matzner.

 

 No. 19 - plot 215 is  a two story house at the end of the street. In the front so called Štáfl’s cottage, which is still in existence. (photo Soka Havlíčkův Brod)

 

         In addition in the 28th Infantry Regiment Ferdinand’s mother’s brother Konrad Kocy (1796-1874; since 1852 Edler von Cenisberg) served. It is also interesting because in 1832 Conrad married Mary, the daughter of landowner Johan Leopold Kundrat,[159] a "legal representative", who was the owner of a neighboring house nr. 18, which he built in 1808 along with the brick octagonal baroque gazebo, picturesquely located at the end of the garden.

         For completeness we can add that  neighboring number 20 was owned by Jan Juliš and above him in number 21 Josef Singr opened an inn. In 1828 Singr built the bowling alley in the garden and in front of it a gazebo „Lusthaus“, which he expanded considerably in 1831, so the inn „U Singerů“ belonged to the most popular in the town. Across the street, the last at the end of town, just next to the post office there was an inn „U Trubky“, which greatly prospered because of its location. It was extended in 1835 so that it became for a long time the largest building in the city.[160]

 

In 1835 the son, a young baron Johann left the army, probably stayed in Brod and later died there.  At that time the second daughter of the von Herites,   Baronin Maria von Herites (1816-1885), still belonged to the household; she would have her wedding at her sister’s in Věž no earlier than 1837.  She would be marrying a clerk at the regional office in Čáslav, Baron Ferdinand von Voith Sterbez (1812-1888).  We will return to talk about both of them soon.

 

 

 

Havlíček’s letters

 

We said that the Herites got registered in Německý Brod 1835.  In the same year a merchant Matěj Havlíček sold his considerable assets in the village of Borová and then bought an exquisite house, now No 19 on the city square in Brod.  His son Charles was then in his third year as a student in the local high school and the parents wanted their children to be close.  For the von Herites (ie Baron Johann with his wife Barbara, , their daughter Maria until her marriage in 1837 and probably also their son - the young Baron Johann) it was only 400 meters or so to Havlíček’s store so it is not surprising that the two families knew each other.  We learn about it from the letters that the young Karel Havlíček sent from autumn 1839 to his parents in Brod from Prague, where he began studying philosophy.  Very often we find in them a respectful mention - “most dedicated greetings" or salutations "to Mr. Baron" for whom he sent for example a hat or a cane to his father from Prague.  On the other hand, Karel Havlíček asked the baron to lend his "sack for duvets."  Miloslav Novotný, who had this correspondence published in 1941 [161], named this character in the index of his book as " Baron( Voith ?)”.  The Brackets and the question mark are entirely appropriate.  Baron Ferdinand “Voith von Sterbez was at that time in fact employed by the regional office in Čáslav and later in Prague, where he and his wife probably lived as well.  From the following text, however, it appears that the " baron " had to be in frequent contact with Havlíček’s father and lived nearby.  It could theoretically also include a different person [162], but in the books of registered residences of persons of noble origin in Brod’s municipality at the time, there is only one Baron and that is "von Herites"[163] and from some mentions in Havlíček’s letters and circumstances relating to other people one can assume that "Mr. Baron," was intended precisely to be Johann Freiherr von Herites ( 1769-1841).

         The letters had also mentioned "Baroness Voith" to whom Havlíček in January 1841 delivered a letter "from lady mother," or he delivered messages, as he writes in March 1841:  "I told Baroness Voith everything as instructed, and she says to the old lady that she is completely healthy, and her daughter is healthy and that they are moving to the Old Town.“  Since there is only one then Baroness Voith other than the wife of Ferdinand - Marie née von Herites, the "lady mother” and the "old lady“ is apparently Barbara Freiin von Herites.  The young mistress, Marie von Voith Sterbez at that time had a three year old,  Maria Theresa.  The daughter may also mean Caroline, who was born Feb. 24, 1841.  Unfortunately, she died Sept. 4, 1841  They could have lived in Prague at that time, because the Baron Voith was in Čáslav only until 1841 when he joined as a trainee attorney the royal and imperial Gubernium in Prague. (Although we cannot rule out the existence of Ferdinand’s sister, we can exclude the fact that she received a letter from "her mother lady mother", about whose delivery Havlíček wrote in January 1841.  The wife of Vincent Voith Theresia von Sterbez born Kocy had already died in 1838. [164]

         The letters include several references to the young Baron.  Because there were no known siblings of Ferdinand and his sons are still out of the question at that time, it is likely that the talk is about the young Johann Baron von Herites ( * 1808), who according to the Army “Schematism” left Jägger Battalion of Royal Army in 1835 as a second lieutenant.  His parents’ printed death notices do not list any other occupation.  This could correspond to the fact that the references to him are not the most flattering,  “Baron did not notice, because he is an ass ... " . On the other hand, for example, Havlíček, on his holiday, borrowed a small hunting bag from him.  There is also a mention in a letter from 1842 that the baron’s mother paid off all of his debts, and "that he was doing well, and that his mother lets him do anything he wants.”  Timewise it agrees with the fact that his father Baron Johann was, unlike Barbara at that time, dead.

         Let us note also the two last mentions of "Mr. Baron." January 7, 1842 Havlíček wrote: "I also think that Mr. Baron[165] lives and that, God willing, he will live for many more years."  Here we can reveal that Johann von Herites had already fallen ill before Christmas and on Christmas Eve 1841 he died at 10.45 PM.  Havlíček in a subsequent letter from 15. 1. 1842 writes: " ... Also the news about Mr. Baron surprised me, there will be a chaos with all of his relatives, surely you've also heard it and many things, and I'm very curious also to learn something about it."  We may add, too, that in any of the future letters there is no longer any mention about "Mr. Baron" ever.

         We can also notice that when talking about "von Herites" Havlíček never uses the name Voith, whether talking about the "old lady ", " Mr. Baron " or " young Baron." For the young Baroness he never forgets to use the name Voith.

Finally, let us also make a note of his classmate Marshal who had, for example in 1838 "eminence" top down on the scoreboard as Havlíček did. [166]  Baron Johann von Herites (1769-1841) could have known the Marschalls and could have been interested in them, since Joann Marschall, was probably the son of Karel Marshal, in the years 1819-1822 the director of the Dejvice farm. In 1818 he was still director of Praemonstratensian farm Geras, but in the years 1818 to 1819 he was a judicial clerk at Dejvice manor, and later on reached the rank of director of the manor (1819-1822).  Before him in the years 1817-9 the director of the manor was Vojtěch Duchka; Johann Baron von Herites (1769-1841) was director of Dejvice before that.[167]  Karel Marschall left Dejvice with the death of provost Herites. Later on, his name can be found in schematisms in the years 1824-5 as an administrator of an estate Úhrov near Deutschbrod; 1836, 1844 "Oberamtmann" in Červené Pečky (Pečky a Hranice) near Čáslav; 1851 "Bezirkkommissar" at K.K. Bezirkshauptmannschaft Winterberg - ie in Sušice. However, this may  have been his son of the same name.  Thus in the catalog of Deutschbrod high school we find not only Johann Marshall, with the birthplace of Prague - Dejvice, studying together with Havlicek in the years 1832-8 years I.-VI., but also Marshal Karel, also from Dejvice, studying in the years 1835-1839 years I-IV . [168]

 

 

Havlíček in his letters to his parents from Prague to Německý Brod wrote [169]:

 

(28 October 1839) ... to Mr. Baron and to Neumann my most loyal commandment,

 

(27 December 1839): ... I wish to all gentlemen happy new year, especially to Mr. Baron …

 

(20 March 1840): To Mr. Baron greetings ... the most dedicated;

 

(28 March 1840): And now I come to the point at which I laugh. If someone gets a bad mark and admits to that, I feel sympathy for him, but if he boasts of getting all the eminences first and then gets so little, I have to laugh. - Mr. Baron would have deserved indeed, for you to read him this paragraph, but still do not tell anyone. Marschall has the following marks: a prima in religion, eminence or prima in philology, I do not know for sure, a second in physics, philosophy and world history - these two tests he missed. So then, when the baron told about it, he had not completed two subjects. … On Thursday he made an additional test in world history and got a weak one, next Thursday will do philosophy. These are those “eminences” top down. But do not tell anybody! "

 

(08 May 1840) greetings to Mr. Baron

 

(24 May 1840) ...I am also sending a hat to Mr. Baron, we have the same heads (but in confidence: I would not want to change mine for his);

 

(30 May 1840): ... the hat for Mr. Baron  for 10, -zl;

 

(July 4, 1840): I sent via Vacek a walking stick for the baron for zl 11 kr 10; (11 July 1840), I am kindly asking you, dear parents, please send me through Vacek my black stick (the juniper one) and borrow as well for me from young baron the small hunting bag, I'd like to take it on the road ...

 

(17 July 1840): I thank the Baron for the hunting bag and I kiss your hands many times.

 

(January 30, 1841) ... With the letter sent by me to baroness Voith I had a strange tragedy. Daddy's letter was written so vaguely that I thought that both leaves inserted were designated for the Baroness from you and that the one without the address was from her lady mother. I then considered it inappropriate that I should deliver this little note card to her, so I slipped it into a large letter. Only later, through Vacek she returned Franc's letter, he should have also written the address, in order not to cause me such inconveniences.

 

March 26, 1841): Yes, to Baroness Voith I took all the messages, and she says that the old lady is quite healthy, and the daughter is healthy and that they will be moving to the Old City.

 

(26 March 1841): I've packed everything desired/needed in the box and into the container of the Baroness, ...

 

(10 July 1841) ...; I ask only that you borrowed from the baron for me a bag for duvets , if he can miss them over the summer holidays, where I can put a mattress and duvets because they do not fit into the trunk.

 

 (12 October 1841) ... via Vacek I am sending on Monday a bundle from Mr. Baron and moreover a package of laundry, sending total of ...

 

(28 November 1841) greetings to Mr. Baron

 

(7 January 1842): ... What is your situation regarding pay? I hope that you do not have big worries.  Also, I think that Mr. Baron is alive and that, God willing, will live many more years.- ...

 

(15 January 1842) ... Also the news about Mr. Baron  surprised me very much, that will be a big chaos with all the relatives, surely you've heard also about many of these things, and I'm very curious, and also would like to learn something about it.

 

(April 30, 1842): I wanted to write you for a long time, but because the young Baron said that Vacek is coming here, I prefer to wait to write a letter ....

 

(21/05/1842): Serves the Baron right; but on this occasion I must ask you to reprimand Franc for his dishonest actions.  When baron was here, he showed me Franco’s letter in which he writes about Letňanská, and Franc pretends so that it makes me almost sick.  If he is capable of doing something like this only for a few pigeons (because I believe he wanted to flatter the baron just to make him bring him his pigeons), how would he be if it were bigger things in question.  The Baron did not notice it not because he is such an ass, but because Frank is nothing better, he may with such conduct just burn himself if dealing with smart people. ...

 

June 12, 1842): As I expected either way to see Vacek, I did not want to send a letter to Baroness Voith immediately, but I sent the money the same day; and you can imagine how, I was greeted with that action.  The little girl suffers from an eye disease.

Otherwise, the Baroness is sending her greetings.  And now something new for you, you can do with it as you please.  When the young baron was here, he hosted all of his colleagues from the inn "at the three linden trees"; One of them told everybody in Žatec, and now all the lenders rallied and probably will ask the Baroness to pay for all of it.  Otherwise he can get arrested, because here everywhere he has been saying that he is doing very well, that his mother lets him do everything he wants, etc... You know his “talkativeness”.

 

Johann Baron von Herites died in Německý Brod in 1841.  Barbara died two years later.  Both obituaries survived in the National Museum.  Both rest in a nice grave in St. Adalbert’s cemetery opposite the cemetery church in Německý Brod, to the left of the grave of the parents and daughter of KH Borovský.  (Matěj Havlíček died 1844)  The text of the tombstone reads: "Dem Andenken des Johann von FREIHERRN Herites gebohren day 20ten. Dezember 1769 gestorben day 24ten Dezember 1841 und seine Gattin BARBARA FREIINN von Herites gebohren day 25ten November 1777 gestorben day 29ten März 1843"

 

Tomb of Johann and Barbara von Herites at St. Adalbert Cemetery in Německý Brod

 

 

 

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An interesting snapshot of the same sepulcher before the year 1921. This image of Havlíček’s parents grave is interesting for us because of the neighboring tomb.  It is in the  state it was before 1921 and you can see that the grave of the von Herites, the Brzoráds and Edíček Komers used to be decorated with lanterns.[170]

 

Obituary of Johann Freyherr von Herites

 

Death notice of Barbara Freiin von Herites

 

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Maria Baronin von Herites (1816-1885) and her groom Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez (1812-1882)

 

In 1837 the second daughter, Maria Baronin von Herites (1816-1885) is getting married.  The wedding takes place in the chateau chapel in Věž near Německý Brod, that is at her sister Caroline’s.  The bridegroom was Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez (1812-1888), son of the last hereditary postmaster in Kámen, at that time a regional office clerk in Čáslav.  Photos of both spouses, probably originally from medals (size 1x1 cm ) are kept at the archive in Kolin.

 

 

 

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Baronin Maria Voith von Sterbez born von Herites (1816-1885) [171]

 

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Ferdinand Voith Baron von Sterbez [172]

 

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In this figure we see the familiar traits of male members of the family Voith von Sterbez. This could be the slim, young baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez.[173]

 

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Maria Voith von Sterbez née von Herites year 1878[174]

 

Marie Voith von Sterbez born von Herites, before 1885.

Another photo donated in 1954 by Mr. Otomar Köhler.

The photo was also used on a composite picture of the family.[175]

 

Considering the question of selecting a groom let us mention that his father Baron Vincenz Voith von Sterbez (1785-1845), was not only a centurion in the 28th Infantry Regiment, where the older brother of the bride, Baron Thadeus von Herites (1803-1887), also served. Baron Vincenz was also a hereditary Postmaster in Kámen near Habry, a village 14 km far from Německý Brod on the way to Čáslav.  Both sisters even after marriage continued to be very close.  Maria and her fiancé, now husband Ferdinand, served as god parents to Caroline several times.  We have already read about the contacts of Baroness Marie Voith von Sterbez and her parents with young Karel Havlíček Borovský.  Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez as well as his brother-in-law Eduard Edler von Krziwanek knew Borovský and socialized with him - both privately and officially. The connections of these three men provide a new, less pronounced nationalistic view of the environment in last years of Havlíček’s life.  Ferdinand has been a district magistrate in Německý Brod and will become one of the main figures of the end of life KH Borovský. To this, we will return later.

 

Kámen near Habry – post office portal [176], its plan and the chapel [177]

 

Maria gives birth to 11 children.  Five of them, however, died young.  Theresia ( *1840) and Karoline ( * 1841) die within a year, a small Ferdinand ( 1846-9) lived for three years, Christina Marie ( 1849-1850) died within a year, Johanna (1853-1868) lived for 15 years.  The others lived to adulthood: Maria Theresia (1838-1900), Vincent (1842-1912), Bertha (1844-1920), Rudolf Eduard (1848-1905), Hermine (1851-1922) and Ferdinand (1856-1885).[178] To these siblings we will come back when we finish the story of baron von Herites.

 

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Ferdinand Voith baron von Sterbez with family, prior to 1868[179]

 

In the family photo above we see Čeňek, the eldest son, next to his father, the youngest Ferdinand next to his mother, kneeling Berta, Maria Theresa behind her.  Small Ferdinand holds the hand of Jana, behind her Hermine. Who refused arm of Čeňek we don’t know. Rudolf Eduard is missing here.

 

The wooden jewelry box with dimensions of 27 x 19 cm (you can see below) may well have belonged to Maria von Herites (1816-1885). It has been preserved in the Regional Museum in Kolin.[180] Inside there is an image of the mountain landscape on the cover. (27 x 19 cm).  In the box lay a sheet of paper with a note: "From asset of Baroness Bertha Voith - Herites of Sterbez + 1920, baroness  Hermina Voith - Herites + 1921, from the family of Commissioner Voith from Čáslav, who arrested K. H. Borovský. + 1924 their cousin Theresa of Hillmayerů. See Bulletin r. VII. 1930, p 114. "Except for inaccuracies in their name the inscription is reliable. The museum acquired the locker from Václav Straka in 1981.  František Straka used to be a Kolín antiquary and it was also he who wrote the cordial article in Kolín’s Věstník about the family.  On the lid is easy to read "v. H. "We can conclude, that the locker might have belonged to the above mentioned sisters' mother, Baroness Marie von Herites (1816-1885), as her maiden jewelry box. She got married in 1837, or to a related neighbour  Terezie Anna Maria von Hillmayer, née Šrůtka (1834-1923).

 

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A maiden jewelry box of Baroness Marie von Herites (1816-1885)

or Terezie von Hillmayer, née Šrůtka (1834-1923)  [181]

 

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The jewelry box inside [182]

 

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The jewelry box - the closeup of the engraved initials  [183]

 

For the life of Marie von Voith Sterbez née von Herites the professional career of her husband was crucial.  Let us therefore look at his biography.

         Ferdinand was the grandson of Major Johann von Voith Sterbez (1746-1831), Knight of the Order of Maria Theresa, who got the coat of arms and the baronial title for bravery in fighting the Turks in 1791.[184]  Jan Voith is famous for defending Veterani’s Cave (Pestera Grota or Veterani), which is located on the left bank of the Danube in the Danube Gorge in the territory of present-day Romanian Banat. The cave had strategic importance because the navigation on the Danube was controlled from there. In 1788, from the 11th to the 31st of August the infantry regiment of 400 soldiers, Brechainville no. 25 under the command of Major Ludwig von Stein, and with the support of 10 cannons defended this point against Turks. Those were commanded by Lieutenant Jan Voith. The Turks then allowed safe passage to these heroic defenders. According to the name of a nearby mountain Veliki Štrbac the predicate von Sterbez was chosen. [185]

 

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Coat of arms in Adelsdiplom from 1791 - the state of baronage for Voith von Sterbez [186]

 

The elder son of Jan Voith, Václav Ferdinand (1770-1827) also had a successful military career. He participated in the Napoleonic wars, where the defense of Ulm in 1806 and the Battle of Győr Hungarian fortress in the year 1809th made him famous as General Staff Officer and like his father he received for bravery, the  military order of Maria Theresa. [187]

 

Ferdinand Baron Voith von Sterbez was born in 1812 in Kámen by Habry  He was a son of the younger son of John Voith, the last hereditary postmaster appointed by the Emperor at the local post office, Major Baron von Vincent Voith Sterbez (1785-1845), who in 1824 built a private chapel of John of Nepomuk in the square in Kámen [188]. "The hereditary postmasters were cavaliers, just read in the postal museum about monarchs awarding them their Privileges; the post office was actually held by its administrator; the postmaster was - if not the Mayor or sometimes the Judge at the same time, as Tábor’s Sebenarz von Herrnfels, - bored in noble ways as any of his contemporary aristocrats."[189] Ferdinand’s mother Teresia born Kocy (1790-1838) was a descendant of several generations of postmasters who have held this office in Kámen. The postal service was officially entrusted to her by a special decree of the emperor in 1835. [190]

 

Ferdinand went to high school in Německý Brod (1823-9)[191], and later studied law, where he was prepared for entry into the civil service, in which he remained all of his life: 1835-6 Czech Gubernium in Prague, 1836-41 regional office in Čáslav, 1841-3 Gubernatorial clerk in Prague, 1843 regional representative in Chrudim, regional Commissioner 1845, 1849 District Governor of Německý Brod, 1853 governor of the vicegerency in Prague. [192]

 

Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez in last years of Karel Havlíček Borovský.

 

In 1851 Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez personally oversees Havlíček’s night deportation to Brixen carried out by the police commissioner ​​.  Havlíček was living with his own brother Francis, who took over the Brod’s business from his father. Contrary to the national myth about the cruel bureaucrat, in the family correspondence of Havlíček we read: "... Baron Voith - who was a good friend of the household and later often stated that he only very reluctantly accompanied the police and police commissioner Dedera to our home – for his emotions he could not look at the touching goodbyes and walked out instead.  Brother František when he later walked out, saw him standing near the stairs bearing head down in tears." [193] Even if we set aside all we know from Havlíček’s letters from the years 1839-1842 about his contacts with Baroness Voith in Prague and her parents - barons von Herites in Brod, we have further evidence that the relationship of Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez and Havlíček was close and good.

         References to the deportation in 1851 are also revealed in the memories of Ferdinand's two daughters - Baronesses Berta and Hermine Voith von Sterbez, who were before the First World War visited by Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic[194] "No, no, their “fatrle”[195] was no jack-in-office, he was also a Baron, comme il faut, a true gentleman, and Havlíček received no harm in Německý Brod.  Bertička[196] looked meaningfully at Hermínka[197] and she nodded approvingly. And therefore Bertička was telling me, "confidentially" that their father was friend of Havlíček and that he gave him warning that he would have him arrested, so that Havlíček could get ready for it, and remove all objectionable items from his house, that he would have the house searched, and that the arrest was just an arranged formality.  Havlíček liked their “fatrle” and that during my next visit they would find Havlíček’s letters, written to their “fatrle” and that from the cordiality I would be able to see that both men, the regional governor and the journalist, were sincere friends ... I persuaded both ladies to offer Havlíček’s letters to the museum either in Kolín or Prague and I looked forward to seeing them.“All the correspondence however was burned by the ladies during the war for fear of compromising.[198] Havlíček’s affections were later confirmed by the memories of another actor in the scene, the police commissioner Dederra himself, "all began to cry at parting, including Havlíček, while the district governor to hide his emotions went outside into the hallway instead ...." [199]

         Karásek also pleaded Voith’s sympathies to Havlíček in this article (the italics are original): ”On June 9, 1929 the Lidové noviny newspaper printed an article by Karel Kazbunda which is a very intriguing complement to our article about "The man who arrested Havlíček," that is about Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez.  In my article in the Literarní Rozhledy magazine I wrote only the things that were told to me by the daughters of Voith, then living in Kolín.  Dr. Kazbunda has the opportunity to obtain authentic documentary material, and can back up his assertions. His publication of the report, submitted by the then governor Voith after the arrest of Havlíček, is supremely important, but it does not in any way contradict the claims of the Voith’s daughters.  Let us empathize with an official who reports to his superior.  For it is impossible to express a mere shadow of a friendship to a man, whom the government persecutes.  Yet the good baron Voith even then did not deny his nature. Who reads between the lines, sees clearly into the matter. Voith avoids harming Havlíček and instead says something unfavorable about his brother, only to disguise his own liking to the "dangerous state criminal”.

         I can confirm to Dr. Karel Kazbunda that the burned letters of Havlíček also concerned his setting free from Brixen.  Baroness Hermine told me, which I now additionally remembered, that her father was instrumental in it, and that they also corresponded about it.  I regret only that I did not take notes right after my visits to the Baronesses.  Both Baronesses were absolutely truthful and recounted his father's relationship to Havlíček correctly.  The spirit that prevailed in the family of the Regional Governor, can be seen from the fact that both the Baronesses as young girls appeared in Czech amateur performances.  Indeed, they even convinced one of their distant relatives, a hard core German to learn a few Czech lines and recite with them.  I also spoke with this lady at the Baronesses Voith’s, and although she could not learn Czech to this day, she did gladly remember the  performances and the applause and the fact that the audience ignored the mispronunciations of the young German lady. I mention this as an interesting detail to demonstrate the spirit that existed in the family of the “infamous” man, who arrested Havlíček.  Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic.“[200] In the recollections of the publisher Otakar Marien-Štorch we read that, during the war, Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic burned Masaryk’s letter. Štorch then humorously reminds Karásek of his remorse for the Kolín’s baronesses for burning Havlíček’s letters to their father.[201]

 

Since 1855, when by the decision of Emperor Franz Joseph I. Čáslav was designated as the seat of regional government again, the office of regional governor was taken by Ferdinand Voith. He arrived in the festively decorated town on May 9 and was greeted by the cheering residents who were celebrating the fact the regional office returns to Čáslav. [202]

 

In 1856 when Havlíček returned to Německý Brod from his exile in Brixen - where he was visited by Eduard Krziwanek with his wife Caroline, who with his brother founded the oil factory - his wife died and he was infected with tuberculosis.  Then he asked the authorities for permission to travel to Prague.  Karl baron Mecséry the governor, who had permission to grant him such a journey asked the Brod authorities, under what conditions was Havlíček living in Brod, what were his earnings etc.  The report of the district governor is favorable.  And once again Voith appears on the scene. "... it seems that the regional president baron Voith expressed his judgment to complete the report of district governor, with human compassion over the fate of a family well known to him.  He confirmed that indeed Havlíček, even with the best intention will not be able to establish a living in Německý Brod since he has no practical knowledge or skills, which enables living in a rural town.  The sole source of income of Havlíček stated by Baron Voith [203] is the support of his mother and brother. "[204]

 

Ferdinand, in addition to official duties devoted himself to public affairs. In 1861-6 he is elected member of the Diet of Bohemia for the municipality Chotěboř, Habry.  At the council he acted with Czech deputies. V. V. Tomek adds to this in his memoirs: "Regional Governor Voith was elected 18.3. for Chotěboř - Habry in the Czech parliament, although he did not know about his nomination. The official candidate for the county is V. V. Tomek.  The election of Voith is ascribed to the district governor of Chotěboř.“[205]

                                                       

Vojtěch Weidfenhoffer (1826-1901), a leading citizen of Německý Brod and a close friend of Edward Brzorád senior, on July 20, 1861  wrote  in his diary: "Today I’ve lent amount of money to Mr. Baron Voith,  regional governor in Čáslav.  I did so more times previously and I do so always happily, free from all manner of profit, from the mere esteem for this noble man."[206]

 

A report from Čáslav in Národní Listy daily of January 1, 1862: On 24 December (1861) even in our town a Christmas party was held, during which clothing, cakes, various treats and other gifts were divided among 120 children. For this purpose 230 zl. was collected; namely 100 zl. come from performances of amateur theatre and 130 zl. from various voluntary contributions, which was especially helped by the wife of the regional governor, Baroness Voith von Sterbez who not only had generously contributed, but also made other local ladies contribute; the local mayor and other townspeople and residents of  Čáslav contributed as well. - On 27 December at quarter past five in the evening Kutnohorská Street caught fire, which destroyed a shed and a cowshed. Immediately at the first cry regional governor baron Voith appeared at the scene and thanks to his assistance, as well as the one of commandant of the local army garrison Mr. Cornet Boichett the fire did not spread. [207]

 

On 3 May 1862 for his favour on local historical research he was elected a honorary member of the Archaeological Museum Board of the Czech Kingdom. [208]

                                                                                                                 

Ferdinand Voith is also connected with Polná in Vysočina, because as a regional governor and according to original reports he showed a great interest in helping the local residents after the fire of 4 August 1863, which destroyed 189 houses. 456 families (about 3 000 people) were left without roof over their head.[209] Voith had personally come to visit Polná and gave advice on helping out there along with the amount of 500 zl., which was a gift from his own resources.  In 1876 he was nominated for his merits as an honorary citizen of Polná .[210]

 

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In 1866 Emperor Franz Josef II visited Chrudim. For rememberance Ferdinand kept the feather from the plume of His Majesty.[211]

 

On July 1868. A forbidden camp near Přibyslav on Žižka’ field was attended by 12,000 - 15,000 people. All the surrounding towns such as Německý Brod, Žďár, Nové Město, Meziříčí and others were heavily represented. The Moravians especially came, even from remote settlements, such as Kamenice, Brtnice and Křižanov where they were joined by thirty wooden wagons with music choirs accompanying them. Thirty wagons arrived from Humpolec. The City of Přibyslav was solemnly adorned.  The  place where Žižka died, was marked with national flag colors and a chalice. In the afternoon, a   huge flow of people moved toward the camp, where the government commissioners were already waiting in their uniforms: the regional governor and former deputy baron Voith, and district governors of Polensko, Přibyslav, Humpolec and Německý Brod.  Baron Voith dissolved the gathering in the name of law and repeated the order. Cheering the memory of Žižka, the Czech crown and Moravia, the crowds settled in to the nearby grove.  There with the permission of government and commissioners, who had acted kindly and graciously, they were entertained with music from three bands until four o'clock in the afternoon, when the march started back to Přibyslav where participants broke up and drove home.[212]

 

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Voith baron Ferdinand von Sterbez with his sons, before 1885 [213]

Here we see the father sitting beside Čeněk eldest son, the youngest Ferdinand behind him, beside him, most probably Rudolf Eduard.

 

In about 1874 Voith helped the uncle of FX Šalda, lawyer Franz Kleiner, so that he would not get drafted into the army. It is therefore understandable that Ferdinand was welcomed at Šalda’s home.[214]

         FX Šalda was thoroughly dealt with by Bohumír Lifka, who in one of his texts[215] devoted two pages to the Voith/von Herites families. He writes eg.: "Very often the district governor Ferdinand Voith von Štěrbec associated with Šalda’s father and would often come to visit him in his house, together with ... "Further, he lists all the Voith children and about Bertha he writes: "FXS used her name and some of her features in the story “Zamiloval se do domu” (He Fell in Love With the House). Father of Šalda,  František (1826-1908) took over in 1874 as a mail clerk from the last Čáslav hereditary postmaster, knight Ferdinand von Widmann (* 1836-1910).  The house of Widmann serves as the setting in which the story " Zamiloval se do domu " is taking place .(Lifka directly mentions the name of the short story character of Berta’s mother "Hermine" was transferred from her sister Hermine.) Widmann later moved to Vienna.[216] His sister Emma née Widmann (* March 23, 1842) was married to Peter Franz Knight von Bibus. We may add that their daughter Emma née von Bibus (1864-1931) married Emanuel Knight von Komers (1850-1907), Mostov estate’s heir, who then also with the family and only daughter went to Vienna – for more see Familie Krziwanek.

         Lifka also mentions that Ferdinand was "keen supporter and improver of the temple of Lord of St. Peter and Paul”[217] and “a generous benefactor”[218].  There is a plaque dedicated to him on the left side of the temple. Voith apparently died - after Šalda’s left the city - in a rather poor financial situation and both ladies were after the First World War victims of urban housing “measures” of Kolín.[219]

           The family of the postal clerk František Šalda lived in Čáslav in the years 1874-8. Among the  good friends of F.X. Šalda was a  classmate, who later became dean of Čáslav, Alois Dostál (1868-1940).   His father was an orderly of the post office - and served as postman under Šalda.  The boys had an altar in the alcove of the apartment, where they played together as priests. [220] (Let’s add that it was Alois Dostál who in 1940 gave the whole estate of the family of Voith to Čáslav’s city archive.

 

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Adalbert Knight Widmann (1797-1862), postmaster in Čáslav, father of Ferdinand W. (1836-1910)[221]

 

Baron Ferdinand Voith is also credited with improving the material status of teachers. In recognition of such merit he was elected an honorary member of the teaching association Budeč Čáslavská in 1875. [222]

 

In November 1875 the city of Čáslav celebrated 40-year of his official duties in which he earned a deserved reputation for being a generous man, a clerk precise on duty and of kind behavior.  For supporting the efforts of individual cities he was named an honorary citizen of Německý Brod, Kutná Hora , Čáslav, Habry, Chotěboř, Humpolce, Kacov, Ledeč, Polne and Policky.  Čáslav had carefully prepared for the celebration as we can read in a leaflet kept at the Čáslav Museum:

 

Citizens of the Royal city of Čáslav!

On the 8th of November of this year we will celebrate our beloved fellow citizen, the honorary Governor Baron Voith of Sterbec, on the occasion of his forty years of faithful service to God, King and Country.  Not only this rare case, but also the general well-known philanthropy and the countless proven and fervent love of this noble guest of honor, oblige our renowned royal town to suitably celebrate this - for this beloved honorary fellow citizen Baron von Sterbez an important and memorable - day in proof of our gratitude with the whole community.

For this goal on behalf of all the citizenry, on 7 November this year, on the eve of 40th anniversary in service of our most noble and honoured person the council intends to organize a procession with torches.

It is necessary that all citizenry take part in the procession, so that it is as dignified as our beloved honorary fellow citizen truly deserves. 

For this reason I ask politely that all honourable municipal officials, corporations and associations sign up for this parade and by the  30th of this month report to the municipal office if they will be represented and with how many members.

It is desirable that famous associations, as far as possible, attend with their association flags.  The procession program will be announced later. 

From the board of the royal city of Čáslav on October 24, 1875 Dr. Rud. Jablonský, burgomaster"

 

Ferdinand von Voith Sterbez served until his death, which occurred Feb. 10, 1882. The Národní Listy[223] wrote about the deceased, that he was a friend of the people, a clerk of which kind there are only a few. "He leaves without fame, he is taking with him nothing other than the love of the people ..." According to the obituary the vicegerent councilor,  district governor, a chairman of the imperial district school board, a knight of the II. class of  “Fuerstlich Hohenzollernscher Hausorden”, honorary citizen of many cities, etc. died with the provision of sacraments buried in the cemetery at sv.Alžběty in Čáslav on February 12, 1882.  Then 15,000 people came to escort his final journey.  In the procession were representatives of numerous corporations and deputations.

 

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Voith Ferdinand Baron von Sterbez [224]

 

 The deceased was to have a monument built and collections for this purpose started.  However, there was not enough space in the cemetery and not a lot of money was collected, so a plaque was unveiled for Ferdinand Voith in the Church of St. Peter and Paul in Čáslav on September 15, 1884. The district council resolved in Čáslav on the 22nd of June 1887 to honor Ferdinand Voith by creating a foundation for the students of the Čáslav gymnasium in the amount of 700 zl.  5 silver cups should be found in the city museum in Čáslay from the estate of the regional governor Ferdinand Voith.

 

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Národní Listy 24. 4. 1885 p. 6

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Thadeus Freiherr von Herites (1803-1887), k. u. k. Captain and brothers



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(Tadeas Freiherr von Herites (1803-1887)[225]

 (foto Krziwanek: Wien, Neubau Hofstallstrase 5 nächst Hotel  Höller; Ischl, Franzensallee 10)

 

                                                                                                                   

 

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Drawing by Thadeus von Herites (1803-1887 (The Frána’s archive)

 

In 1843 Thadeas baron Herites (1803-1807) retired as a k. u. k. (Imperial and Royal) captain from the 28th Infantry Regiment - Böhmische Infantry Regiment Nr. 28 , where he started in 1827 in the lowest officer rank Fähnrich – Ensign / Officer Cadet.[226]  (Since 1815, the head of the regiment was the field marshal and very influential emperor's adjutant Johann Baron von Kutschera, later related with the family of Tadeáš’s sister Caroline. [227] Others who served in the regiment were his in-law and son of Tadeáš’s sister Mary, Vincent and Baron Rudolf Voith von Sterbez.  Thadeus (who owned Nový Stránov in 1834, when it was sold) then bought in Kolin (nad Labem) homestead Na Pršíně No. 45 and built a house here, farm buildings and in the garden a big beehive.[228]  A historian F. Straka wrote to the Journal of the local club of tourists, adding: "I ​​have in my possession his picture in a captain’s uniform, and he was a very handsome man.  He farmed here with his housekeeper Miss Trauber and owned many fields.  He was an avid hunter and used to ride on a small Hungarian horse.  During celebrations he aroused considerable attention with his massive appearance, a parade dress uniform with a white coat, a tall military hat and heavy saber.  In old age, when he was struck by diseases of the spinal cord, he wore flat muff made of badger skin, and selfless Miss Trauberová hauled him on a three-wheel stroller. " [229]

 

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Tadeas Freiherr von Herites (1803-1887), 28. Oktober 1862

(foto Lachmann, Ferdinandova třída 351, Praha)[230]

 

 

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Thaddeus, Baron von Herites (1803-1887)[231]

 

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Marie Tauber +1878 (M. L. Winter, Photograph, PRAG, Graben 988)[232]

 

 

In 1846, five years later, the younger brother of Thaddeus, Johann Freiherr von Herites (1808-1846) died. He died at the age of 38 years of thoracic water retention and as with all of his three brothers, he was unmarried and childless.  He is buried in Německý Brod.

         Auswahl von Gedichten für declamatorische Übungen (selection of poems for declamation exercises) assembled by Aloys Klar in 1822 included  him in the attached list of subscribers of the print as the Lesser Town k.u.k. grammar school student “Johann Freyherr von Herites. [233] In the Army schematism from the years 1827-1835 Johann is listed at the first Jägger (rangers) battalion and in the ranks from cadet to second lieutenant. In Gotha Almanach and other sources his rank is stated as “Lieutenant a. D.” that is an off-duty Lieutenant.[234] In his parents’ obituary, unlike his brothers he does not list his rank, so he had apparently left the army. Some of the less flattering remarks of Karel Havlíček Borovský mentioning "the young Baron" might have refered to him[235]

 

The last brother Anton Freiherr von Herites (1811-1852), a captain of the 42nd Artillery Regiment Wellington died in 1852 from paralysis of the lungs.  We find in his obituary that he was " aus diesem Leben abzurufen- from this life called off" at the age of 41 years without children.  Mass was celebrated in Theresin, where he was buried.  The Army directories featured him until 1850.

 

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The gravestone of Anton Baron von Herites (1811-1852)[236]

 

Thadeus von Herites’s built a garden at the house in Kolín, which was really beautiful and well-kept, and which was dominated by a statue of Diana often appearing on photographs.  Unfortunately today it is not preserved.  He had to be a successful farmer and gardener.[237] In 1855 Wochenblatt der Land-, Forst - und Hauswirthschaft für den Bürger und Landmann brought a report about the general meeting of the Kolin branch of the agricultural association from the 9 and 10 of October, at which there was an exhibition of machines and products. Mentioned also are "vom Freiherr von Herites aus Kolin schönen Zeller und Rettig" Below in the same report we read about a fruit exhibition, „Ebenso fanden fünf Sorten Äpfel und 4 Sorten Birnen vom Hrn Ritter von Birnitz eingesandt, Anerkennung, nicht minder die schönen Winter Reinette Äpfel und die Quadratnüsse des Freiherrn Herites die Quitten Apfel des Hrn A Balzar u dgl.“ [238] And finally should be added that on the list "Varietà di frutti artificiali plastici di Francesco Garnier Valletti" of the fruit museum in Turin "Museo della Frutta” between varieties of apples is included  ”Baron Herites”.[239] Also the Journal of the k. u. k.  Patriotic-Economic Association in 1857 mentions “Große und sehr geschmackvolle RamborÄpfel und Forellen Birnen des Herrn Baron Herites in Kolin”.[240] 

 

According to the Národní Listy daily from 1861, Baron von Herite from Kolín is listed among the contributors to the monument of Czech philologist and patriot Václav Hanka[241], and the Czechoslavic Academy and Foundation - contributed 2 zl.[242]

 

In 1864 Vinzenz Baron Voith von Sterbez (1842-1912) was adopted by the last surviving Baron von Herites, his uncle Thadeus . Therefore, his new name was  Vinzenz Voith = Herites von Sterbez.  Also their coats of arms were combined and unified at that time.  The new quartered coat of arms had in the first field of the four  a lion holding the beheaded head of a Turk, the second a pyramid, the third crossed flags and the fourth an ax.

 

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New figures of the quartered coat of arms

 

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The coat of arms from the 1st page of Album Voith-Herites von Sterbez .

 

 

It is also interesting that Thaddeus received an award for the exhibited specimen of silkworms “Bombyae Yama mai” from  the Czech Association for the cultivation of mulberry trees and sericulture under the auspices of Princess Ida von Paar in 1867 “Diplom vom böhmischen, unter dem Protektorate Ihrer Durchlaucht der Frau Fürstin Ida von Paar stehendem Vereine für Maulbeerbaum und Seidenzucht in Prag”.[243]

 

In the Pražský Denník daily from May 23, 1872, we read a detailed report on the festivities of the veterans of Kolín on the 21st of this month. The newspaper defends the feast, because this festival of the veterans' association (in Kolín there are 172 members out of which 156 are active) garnered criticism in the opposition press; it was hindered in many ways and the participants and guests became subject to open disfavour.  As stated in the introductory part - "Members of veterans associations remember in their celebrations not only the homeland and the nation for which they once gave their blood on the battlefield, but also the monarch, to whom they had sworen allegiance - and all this of course does not fit into the frame of thinking of opposition journalists who are therefore unfavorable to veterans associations.  These" “traitors to the homeland and the nation”, however, for example, during the afternoon entertainment collected among themselves 22 zl.  kr. for the National Theatre.  After a solemn procession that marched from the Střelecký Ostrov to the Mass in the church of St. Bartholomeus, the ceremonial driving nails into the battalion flag took place.  After the Dean it was the turn of the godmother of the Battalion flag, the regional governor’s wife, Major Emanuel Knight Náchodský, Knight Horky von Horkysfeld, Baron von Herites, Regional Chairman Voith from Čáslav, ...[244]

 

 

 “Baron” (?!) Náchodský von Neudorf”, probably a family friend who lay a wreath on Miss. Tauber’s grave, and who belonged to the Kolín’s veterans.[245] 

 

In 1873 Thaddeus is elected an honorary member of the military veterans association of Čáslav.  The diploma is deposited in the archive SOkA of Kolín.

 

Both Thadeas and his nephew Vinzenz were listed as Knights of Malta in 1874. [246]

 

In 1887 having been administered the last rites Thadeus Baron von Herites died in Kolín after a long illness as a retired k. u. k. captain and holder of the Marianer Tuetonic Knights Cross (Marianerkreuz des Deutschen Ritterordens)[247].  After the last blessing in Kolín and military funeral honors in Čáslav he was buried in a heavy coffin made of pewter in the crypt of the castle chapel in Nový Stránov.  His obituary pointed out that the deceased was the oldest subscribing person to  Bohemia daily.  He had been receiving these newspapers continuously since 1832, a full 55 years. [248]

 

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The death notice of Thaddäus Freiherr von Herites (1803-1887)

 

Vienna’s Dorotheum auction house under catalog number 137 listed “a lidded goblet bearing the Freiherrn von Herites coat-of-arms, 1734- 1822, colourless glass, the faceted body with flashed amber décor, the bowl with a reserve containing the engraved and cut coat-of-arms, the stem with knop, smooth base, Height: 54 cm, Bohemia” is listed. It was estimated at 800-1200 euros and at an auction held in 2012 not sold.

 

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Vinzenz Freiherr von Voith = Herites Sterbez (1842-1912), a major and his siblings

 

Vincenz Baron Voith=Herites von Sterbez from „Album Voith-Herites von Sterbez“[249]

 

Out of the eleven children of Ferdinand von Voith Sterbez and Marie nee von Herites none had any descendants.  Baroness Maria Theresa (1838-1900), Hradčany’s "Stiftsdame" later married to the imperial court’s secretary Filipp von Behacker and after him to an official of the Viennese bank association Němeček, died childless, from a heart defect; Baroness Johanna (1853-1868) died at only 15 years old; Baron Ferdinand (1856-1886), an engineer, and clerk at Rail headquarters in Prague and (in 1893?) a lieutenant in the reserve of the 4th Field Artillery Regiment[250] remained single.

 

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Baron Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez Jr. (1856-1886)[251] , prior to 1885

 

Rudolf Voith von Sterbez (1848-1905), k. u. k. captain, Master of Osečany

In 1884 Baron Rudolf Voith von Sterbez (1848-1905), a centurion of the 28th Infantry Regiment (like his uncle Thaddeus von Herites ) married the baroness Anna Maria Gabriele, born Tiegel von Lindenkron (1862-1929), 14 years his younger, on a beautiful estate with a terraced park in Osečany at Sedlčany. On the wedding day Anna Voith von Sterbez née Tiegel von Lindenkron donated 100 zl. to school in Osečany both for the poor and for the needs of the women's needlework.[252]

The fathers of the newlyweds had met on business before; “a church destroyed by a fire in August 1848 was restored and in 1857 famously consecrated by the Cardinal and Archbishop Prince Friedrich Schwarzenberg.  On the border he was greeted and accompanied to Sázava by the district magistrate of Čáslav, Baron Voith von Šterbec with a knight, Tiegel von Lindenkron, patron of Sázava’s church.[253]

Osečany, historická fotografie[254]

 

 

         Anna M. Gabriele was the granddaughter of Knight Wilhelm Tiegel von Lindenkron (1772-1827, a knight since 1817), captain-lieutenant in Artillery Regiment of Prince Reuss-Greitz, who owned the estates of Střezimíř and Sázava.[255]  He bought Sázava as a Prague citizen in 1808 from the Religious Fund.[256]  The Sázava estate together with the former monastery were sold in 1869 by his son Wilhelm (+1876).  His brother (Johann) Emanuel Tiegel von Lindenkron ( *1822 + after 1885), lived with his mother Antonie Schmelzern von Wildmannsegg (1801-1885) and his wife Anna née Pulpan von Feldstein (1831-1862) in the castle on the estate Osečany, where Rudolph’s bride, Anna Maria Gabriele, was born. 

 

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Coat of arms of Tiegel Ritter von Lindenkron (ANM , Seidl’s collection)

         The person, who significantly contributed to the history of the castle and the village Osečany, was Count Lanius of Wellenburg, who had owned the estate since 1761. They even held their little "court" with all the necessary servants there.  The family has dramatically changed the surroundings of the castle into a great park.  The park had an area of ​​five hectares and the system of paths shows that a quality architectural project had been implemented here.  The decisive role in building the park can probably be attributed to the mansion gardener, Václav Rissl.  From his many travels abroad Count Lanius brought back many valuable plants, which Rissl planted with great care.  Rissl’s gardening art was at a high level.  West of the castle is a continuous forest and a pond, which is also part of the park.  In 1795, the estate again changed ownership and comes into the possession of Gabriela von Mayersbach (Maiersbach).[257] Among her heirs was Johanna von Mayersbach (1801-1866), whose husband Joseph Pulpan Knight von Feldstein (1789-1840);[258] by marriage in 1830,  became another owner of the estate in Osečany. [259]

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Castle Osečany-floor plan,  aerial view,

 

         Chateau coachman Kadeřábek, who was in the service of Osečany manor for over 50 years' service, told his children this legend: In the days of corvée the owner of the Osečany estate was Půlpán.  He was so bad to his subjects that people said of him that he would not have any peace after he died.  And it actually happened.  When around 12 o'clock in the evening Půlpán died, the watchman and other stuff of the castle saw that the spirit of the deceased jumped from room to room like a sparrow, because his feet were tied together and he could not make a single little step.  These scenes long lasted, the spirit of the dead man came each night from his grave at a cemetery in Křecovice to Osečany, so nobody wanted to dwell in the castle.  Půlpán’s descendants, wanting to remedy the heavy guilt of the deceased, gave bread alms daily to the poor widows and orphans; for the neediest they cooked a lunch twice a week.  Pulpan’s guilt was erased in eternity by these good deeds and the ghost has not appeared in Osečany since then.  Bread, alms to the poor and lunches were served in the Osečany castle as late as the year 1885. [260]

         Johanna Pulpán von Feldstein, née von Mairsbach (1801-1866) died along with another 60 people from the consequences of cholera in Osečany  in 1866.  At that time, the village housed 186 Prussian soldiers, of which 7 officers with their major and a doctor stayed at the chateau. [261]

          Their daughter Anna (1831-10.2.1862) and Emanuel Tiegel von Lindekron (1822 - after 1885) were the parents of the last private owner of the estate - Anna Marie Gabriele Baroness Voith von Sterbez née Tiegel von Lindenkron (8.2.1862-1929). [262]

Josef Suk and the Voiths in Osečany

         The head teacher in Křečovice Josef Suk, used to come to the Osečany castle to play for Baron Voith together with his later famous son composer, then a little violinist, who would come there, "barefoot with his shoes on a string over one shoulder and a bag with his violin over the other arm."

         "When Josef Suk became the successor of head teacher and bandmaster in Křečovice, Matěj Český, he immediately stopped going with the band to the local pubs and attended only special invitations, playing mainly in the surrounding palaces and courtyards, such as Tláškov, Osečany, Líšný, Vojkov and Kosová Hora.  In his later life he was attracted in particular to Osečany’s castle, since he had taught the young Baroness both before and after she got married.[263]

         A "polonaise was composed for a high and noble Lord, Mr. Rudolf Voith  Baron of Šterbec on the date of April 17, 1887 devoted with the highest consideration and dedicated by “Pepoušek“, the composer Josef Suk (1874-1935)."  A side note says "4/17 was the “name day” of Rudolf Voith, owner of the castle in nearby Osečany.  We are unable to determine whether the father only copied or modified the work,  “The polonaise for for four hands."  Let us add that Pepoušek, who was 13 at that time, was already a student at the Prague Conservatory in 1885. [264]

         The composer Josef Suk (1874-1935) later donated his compositions written in the summer of 1891 at his father's in Křečovice to Anna Voith von Sterbez.  They are titled "Three Songs without Words for Piano," with parts named: 1) Ticket to the scrapbook  2) Dreaming and 3) Melody. [265] They were named in German as Drei Lieder ohne Worte (Albumblatt, Träumerei, und Melodie), "apparently because the work was dedicated to Baroness Voith.”  Moreover, the catalogue says that composer’s father taught Baroness Voith to play the piano." [266]

         At the dedication of the polonaise a note is inserted: "Years later Rudolf Voith von Sterbez sent his congratulations from Osečany on November 15, 1898 to Suk on his engagement to Otilie Dvořák. (The wedding took place on November 17, 1898."[267]

 

From the Křečovice’s vicar P. Alois Dostál [268], we know that priests were welcomed to the Osečany castle.  P. Dostal remembers his predecessor, revivalist and popularizer of hydrotherapy – the Czech "Kneipp", prof. P. Jan Ježek.  "He was also a frequent guest in Osečany at Baron Voith of Sterbez’s, and they remembered him for a long time.  It was a surprise to the Baroness that although he speaks very good German, he still prefers to use Czech.  From Křečovice more priests would come to pay visits; , the Baroness used to refer to one of them - Ježek with affection : "The Czech“[269] 

 

In 1893 Osečany the water cannon of the corps of volunteer firefighters was put into operation ceremonially.  Thanks to the donation of the invited estate owner, Baron Voith, the people of Osečany were the first in the district to own uniforms.  Baroness Voith was elected as their patron. [270]

 

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Rudolf Eduard Voith von Sterbez ( 1848-1905) before 1885[271]

 

Baron Rudolf von Voith Sterbez died 5th January 1905 in the castle in Osečany.  According to an obituary in Bohemia he was educated at the cadet school in Eisenstadt and at the Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt, from which on 1st September 1868 as a lieutenant he was assigned to the 28th Infantry Regiment.  He retired from military service as a centurion of the same regiment on the occasion of his marriage to Anna von Lindenkron Tiegel, the owner of the farm Vosečany.  In the obituary the praise of his noble character and generosity to the poor echoes, "Als Offizier seines edlen und ritterlichen Characters wegen von seines Kameraden verehrt und von Jedermann hoch geachtet, hat er seinen militärischen Geist bis an sein Lebensende bewahrt. Nicht nur seine Gattin und Geschwister, sondern auch seine Kameraden betrauern sein leider so frühes Ableben und die Armut, für die er stets hilreiche Hand hatte, verliert an Rudolf Freih. Voith einen edlen Wohltäter.“ [272]

         From the speech given at the Rudolf Voith’s funeral  by P. Dostal  on 9th January 1905 we chose: "... above all he was a man, a rational man sensitive towards his neighbours of any class and origin.  Great depth of emotion was a sign of his noble nature. - The deceased was a nobleman, not only by birth, but also by the sentiments and deeds that bedecked his life.  He never exalted himself, or showed pride; on the contrary, Christian humility adorned him and he made nice for everyone. - ... What joy filled him when he recently received a donation of vase, to which there were attached objects, with which he played in his youth.  This joy, the gentle memory of youth, the consolation of things from his father's house mark his love for his deceased parents, and his brotherly love.  He was a soldier and an officer, faithfully served the emperor and homeland; the fidelity he showed until the last year, he celebrated all the special days of the royal family and the Austrian army.  And as one of its distinguished ancestors at Mount Sterbez was decorated by heroism; he excelled with gentleness to his subordinate privates so that they acknowledged him everywhere and showed him their love. - He was a Christian and fulfilled the obligations of his faith rather in private than spectacularly.  But then he was not missing in the processions to show he is a catholic Christian.  How earnestly he prayed, it is testified by those who were closest to him.  And his last gift was Mother of God of Lourdes, which he gave to his wife.  He was a friend of youth, who lost a lot with his departure. With what kindness he bent to children when he distributed their gifts on Christmas Eve, yes he remembered them at every prominent time!  In Osečany he knew almost all the children by their first name, and this is how he called them, spoke with them and inquired about their studies.  And how the kids were pleased, how their eyes twinkled when at the test time in religion classes the door opened and the young baron entered!

         He loved children and they loved him. – The deceased was a philanthropist.  His hand was always open if possible, every year with his help many children received clothing, the poor nutrition and destitute support. – Should I still have to prove what a friend he was?  Today the funeral turnout indicates how many friends he had.  Yes he even fostered and showed friendship in his disease.  How many of his friends still on the New Year were remembered when by his failing hand he corresponded to them. - Our friend, our beloved, it was the last letter, with which you pleased many a great deal. ... - Nobles always cared to have their own coat of arms, their crest unblemished; Then here of the in the Lord deceased we can proudly confirm that he kept its crest clean, intact. … [273]

                                                                                                                 

In the wooden choir loft [in a chapel of St. Anna at Osečany castle] is a small organ, which was bought in 1909 by the owner of Osečany A. Woith for 1000,- K; the community contributed 200 K.[274]

 

On 1st September 1914 At the collection point for the Red Cross in Ephraim Löbl company Ms. Baroness Voith, Osečany donated 1 gold wedding ring, 1 garnet pendant, 1 silver needle.[275]

 

On 28 May 1916 in favor of Red Cross Mrs. Anna Bar. Voith von Sterbez organized a fete champêtre in the Osečany castle park, which had a great result.  A good band conducted by the bandleader Mrázek from Sedlčany in which also clerks performed, entertained numerous guests from the far surrounding area.  From Sedlčany the officials from the political office with Mr. District Governor Stříbrný attended at full strength, and they were joyfully welcomed by the sounds of anthem of the nations.  Also many representatives from other offices attended abundantly.  Officials of the princely and aristocratic manor arrived in the majority, then the largest participation was from the circles of urban society of Sedlčany and farming circles of the local and surrounding area.  The celebration began with a speech delivered by the schoolmaster Mr. A. Suk from Maršovice, which resulted into tumultuous cheering His Majesty.  As refreshments for the visitors a variety of dishes and drinks were donated by the hostess, who was - with the friendly help of the local ladies -  also selling them.. Ms. Bar. Voith von Sterbez donated to Red Cross 600 gulden".[276]

 

Anna Maria von Voith Sterbez has been with Rudolf for 21 years, but they remained childless.  Her lonely life after Rudolf's death was apparently not easy for her.  At the castle there used to be a house for drying fruits.  When it burned down in 1918, she had green houses built in its place. The park has not been maintained since 1922.  To this day it is very abandoned and overgrown with self-seeding trees.  A former gardener only later recalled that under Baroness Voith at least the paths in the park were covered with sand.[277] 

 

In reference to the situation of Baroness von Anne Voith Sterbez and the Osečany castle in 1924, we read in a letter from the composer Josef Suk to Daša Šetlíková.  Among other things he wrote " ... And please tell your daddy to talk with our friend, director Ruzicka.  The Baroness in Osečany (Anna Voith von Sterbez - orig. Ed. ) begins to sell her antiques - especially furniture, some glass, porcelain, etc.  I will come to see her one of these days and find out what she would sell - she is very strange, when she sees this coming, she starts crying and does not want to part with her things, but she needs money. She must make an inventory (I will advice her), what she wants to sell, and I hope that our friend director Ruzicka could fit this in – and perhaps he could come here?  And if he could rush from Gastýn?  So I beg you,dear Dasha, send this to daddy, greetings to Ivan, good luck with the construction, so we can celebrate soon.  Kissing you and Ivan. Your Suk. Křečovice near Neveklov 1924 March 7th”.[278] 

 

In 1926, three years before her death partial allotments of the estate has been carried out in accordance with the land reform of the new republic: about 2106 ha of land was allocated to small farmers. [279]

 

Baroness Anna M. Gabriele Voith von Sterbez was not able to hold onto her assets, and finally in 1928 was forced to sell the castle with all of its accessories. [280]  Anna Gabriele Voith von Sterbez died in 1929 and bequeathed the Osečany estate in debt and with the buildings rather neglected.  The largest creditor was the Regional economic credit union in Sedlčany, which on June 5, 1931 bought the manor farm estate with everything that belonged to it in Osečany in Velběhy, Pros. Lhota, Prosenice, Klimětice, Břišejov and Štětkovice with all the living and the dead inventory and stocks at 2.75 million - The board of directors of the union, wanting to help poorer citizens to land, and property, parceled out the whole estate in the same year.  The castle with a park in an area of 9 ha was donated to Sedlčany district to establish a charitable institution.[281]

 

Baronesses Hermine (1851-1922) and Berta (1844-1920),

Baroness Hermine (1851-1922) and Berta (1844-1920) also lived to an old age.  Along with their brother Vinzenz last Baron von Voith = Herites Sterbez (1842-1912) they took over the Thaddeus house with the garden in Kolín’s Zahradní Street.  All three remained single and Kolín’s citizens  greatly respected them for their generosity and kindness.

 

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Siblings Hermine Bertha and Vincent Voith von Sterbez in the garden of the Kolín’s house . ( Soka Kolin)

 

Baron Vincenz joined the cadet school at the age of twelve and then became an officer in the 21st Infantry Regiment.  He fought in 1866 against the Prussians near Česká Skalice, where he was wounded in the hand.  "As a soldier and an officer he was always popular among his superiors for his thoroughness and accuracy in the service, but also among his subordinate men for his universal conciliatoriness”. [282]

 

As an adoptive son, he inherited Kolin’s fortune from his uncle Baron Thaddeus , and as a major in Retirement he lived there for many years until his death in 1912.  He is remembered as "a pleasant gentleman of military posture; goodness shone from his eyes as he and his black dog went for a walk.  From his large and beautiful garden they gave away fruit mainly to children, no beggar was dismissed from their door and their great charity was known to everyone. [283]

 

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Vincenc baron Voith von Sterbez (SokA Kolín)

 

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Bertha and Hermine Fr. Voith von Sterbez

 

Jiří Karásek of Lvovice remembers his sisters: " Both ladies felt “warmly Czech”, they loved remembering how in their youth they used to play Czech theater in Čáslav, they were both  of a patriotic type, even though they spoke German but felt warmly Czech . ... They lived in Kolín in a beautiful family house, surrounded by a large garden where late figs ripened.  Every year Baronessa Hermína sent to Prague a full basket to me as mandatory tribute. She never neglected to congratulate me on all the holidays of the year, because this lady of the order of Elizabeth(from 1908) kept a poignant fondness for old-fashioned ceremonies.  The entire Kolín population knew her; at all celebrations she functioned as a representative of the Czech nobility, and indeed, she knew her way around better than Baroness Bertička who was as modest as Cinderella.

 

 

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Hermine Freiin Voith von Sterbez, ateliér Krátký Kolín

 

I really liked both of those ladies who were approaching seventy and especially one room of their palazzetto, full of ancient clocks, had a special charm for me.  Bertička spent the entire morning every day winding them - It was the room in which Empress Maria Theresa slept in her hereditary post in Kamen (Steindorf) on the Bohemian-Moravian border when she traveled to his beloved Bohemian kingdom. It had all the furnishings from that era, antique inlaid furniture, sundry furniture, cabinets with graceful Viennese porcelain, the charm of the past blew over it ... "[284]

 

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Header of writing paper/stationary of barons Voith (PNP, fund Karásek)

 

In its sub-collection of Arts and crafts the Regional Museum in Kolín, has 6 pieces of property items of Baronesses Hermina and Bertha. They are registered under př.č. 3/2010 (sugar tongs) , 4/2010 ( tray ) , 5/2010 ( fan ) , 6/2010 (umbrella ) , R 381 ( women's wallet ) , R 915 (first medal). Other objects can still to be be unprocessed.  The items were donated by the by the niece of the ward of the house from Pršín – Magda, who later married Havlík. Magda lived with the Voith family, as the daughter of a gardener and with the Baronesses with whom she apparently had a very good relationship.  She received from them a very nice dowry and the items shown below which she kept as precious relics.[285]

 

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Hermina also received papal honors Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice and for medical care given during the war, "Silver medal of honor on the red cross with war decoration.  Bertha died in 1920 and Hermine in the year of 1921.  “Both gray-haired ladies, were always dressed in black decorated with antique jewelry with an obligatory black lace cap; someone named them suitably "the white angels”.  And it was not a lie. They were classy people, always ready for a charity, and those who knew them surely have only good memories to recall.  These three certainly did not have any enemies, except for the one who peeled from their tombs and destroyed the bronze coat of arms.  The coat of arms with four fields.  The first with a lion holding a beheaded Turk's head; in the second a pyramid; in the third crossover flags; and fourth a butcher ax." [286]

 

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The house in Garden Street, view from the yard around 1908-1910 . Hermine, Bertha and maids who were with Baroness their whole life. ( SOkA Kolín)

 

 

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Cutout of the image from in front of the house Kolín

 

The obituary of Vincenz Voith = Herites of Sterbez

 

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The image of " beautiful house - Palazzetto" (as it was named by Jiří Karásek of Lvovice ) Na Pršíně – today Zahradní nr. 45. Taken in February 2012. The house has not been surrounded by a beautiful garden for a long time. However, the view of the park in front of it is still very nice.

 

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Funeral procession in Kolín on August 18, 1912

 

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Burial of Čeňek in Kolyn in 1911 – cutout of a photograph of the funeral procession on the city square. Just behind the car with the coffin walked quite possibly Čeňkův adopted son Leo Przibrski Voith- Herites behind him in uniform, perhaps centurion Antonin Kratochvil

 

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The obituary of Berta Voith von Sterbez

 

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The obituary of Hermína Voith von Sterbez

 

JD. Leo Prziborski-Voith-Herites (1867-1940), lawyer

Here the story of the clan of von Herites could end. The adopted son JD. Leo Prziborski-Voith-Herites (1867-1940) received the remaining meager fortune after selling the indebted house.  Vinzenz Baron von Voith-Herites Sterbez in 1901 adopted the son of his cousin. Leo Prziborski, who was a grandson of Edward and Caroline von Krziwanek.  Leo’s two sisters had already reached the status of nobility by marriage.  The whole family of Prziborski, who affiliated with a famous Austrian economist and patriot AE von Komers, was apparently very loyal to the monarchy and regarding the values ​​of their ancestors the most convenient choice.  Imperial approval for connection of their names occurred in 1905.  The family of Leo Prziborski will be covered in more details in subsequent narration with the Familie Krziwanek where we will observe all the descendants of Krziwanek Caroline, née von Herites.  So let us leave the question of the ancestry "Voith-Herites" open. Some tension after the denouement of the story we can at least soften by a contemporary passage from a letter of Leo's cousins: "... So Aunt Hermine will see the completion of her dearest dream, and her warmest desire, namely that Leo will be adopted by uncle Voith!  I do not know how, all of a sudden he deserves so much love in Kolín, because as Hermina in Kolín says apparently he became , "ein Feiner Mann" and apparently he is now quite different. (Do no write about this to Prague, Hermina does not want that). Well this will give my aunt Příborská an inflated ego when she gets a Baron for a son! "

 

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[1] As an additional bonus, a CD featuring pdf copies of family correspondence was included with the book.  It is available as part of the collection of the National Library in Prague under: Steinbauer, Jan. O předcích zemského a říšského mladočeského poslance JUDr. Eduarda Brzoráda: Děje rodů von Herites, von Krziwanek, Delorme a Brzorád.  Praha: vlastním nákladem, 2009. 298 s..

[2] Sources of the studies of the history of the family in Horažďovice (ie unless stated otherwise): Heritesová Bozena: typescript, saved along with some other raw materials in the estate of her father František Herites in the archives of the museum in Vodňany; Herites JUDr Jaroslav .: Paper scraps books is owned by the family Herites from Dobruška and was granted by Šidlíkovská Dagmar, the daughter of Čestmír Herites, nephew of the author.); Karel Němec: Insights into the history of the magazine Horažďovice Horizon (Horažďovický obzor) of 1937, the numbers 5,6,7. (R.XVII, 1937). typescript is stored in the Museum of National Literature (Památník Národního Písemnictví) in the fund of Božena Herites

[3] písmák = a Czech coined expression for a folk / village writer without formal education who wrote chronicles of their families or villages or copied texts from Bible in their free time.

[4] mozol  = callus in English

[5] National Archive Praha, Stará manipulace, záležitosti panství Horažďovice.

[6] Members of protestant church “The Unity of the Brethren”

[7] Památky archeologické XXIV. year 1910 / 12 Št. K.Vydra: O katol. protireformaci v Horažďovicích (About catol. Counter-Reformation in Horažďovice) pages 35 and 159

[8] Němec Karel: Pohledy do dějin rodů (Insights into the history of the clans)  in the magazine Horažďovický obzor (Horažďovice horizon), numbers 5,6,7. ( year XVII. , 1937). The  typescript is stored in  Památník Národního Písemnictví in Prague,  in the fund of Božena Heritesová

[9] Památky archeologické XXIV. year 1910 / 12 Št. K.Vydra: About catol. Counter-Reformation in Horažďovice pages 35 and 159

[10] Manual (A.I.7 page .87)

[11] Gruntovní kniha (Land registry book) 4, sheet 138

[12] Heritesová Božena  - typescript is stored along with some other raw materials in the estate of František Herites archive Vodňanský museum.

[13] Horymír Žmolil quoting J. V. Hradecký  in journal of Týnec nad Labem (4/2010) online: http://www.tynecnadlabem.cz/public/files/article/1298447242.pdf

[14] Libro testamentorum no. 45, sheet 2-8 "The Testament of Joseph Herites ..."

[15] Anna Dostálová in her letters to her sister - the Fránas archive

[16] Karel Němec: Insights into the history of families. Horažďovice horizon numbers 5,6,7. (R.XVII, 1937)

[17] In office in 1781-1794

[18] Marcela Janouchová: Bachelor thesis: Dějiny evangelických sborů Krakovany a Chvaletice a porovnání jejich vývoje, Univerzita Pardubice Fakulta filozofická, 2014, p. 89 online on:  http://dspace.upce.cz/bitstream/10195/56365/3/Janouchov%C3%A1M_D%C4%9Bjinyevangelick%C3%BDch_HS_2014.pdf)

[19] Antonín Podlaha: Series praepositorum, decanorum, archidiaconorum aliorumque prelatorum.... Praha 1912

[20] Jan Herben: Otázka náboženská v našem probuzení (The question of religion in our wake), p.62

[21] according to the edition of tolerance requests for Protestant churches

[22] (about estate of  Vysoká in Mladá Boleslav)

[23] 4. Instruction of  Gubernium, NA Praha, Č. Gub.Publ. G1/1 kart. 701

[24] National Archive: České gubernium-publicum, Praha inv.č. 1335, sign. G1/11 the report was translated into Czech and thus made available in Pavel Holub: Bachelor thesis, TOLEROVANÍ PŘED TOLERANCÍ, NETOLEROVANÍ PO TOLERANCI? NEKATOLÍCI V HUMPOLCI VE DRUHÉ POLOVINĚ 18. STOLETÍ, JIHOČESKÁ UNIVERZITA V ČESKÝCH BUDĚJOVICÍCH - FILOZOFICKÁ FAKULTA, ČESKÉ BUDĚJOVICE, 2007  This work is also the source of other quotes of the report below

[25] National Archive Praha, České gubernium-publicum, inv.č. 1335, sign. G1/1, karton č. 705., in Pavel Holub: Bachelor thesis: TOLEROVANÍ etc…  page. 47

[26] National Archive Praha, České gubernium-publicum, inv.č. 1335, sign. G1/1, karton č. 705. (in Pavel Holub: BAKALÁŘSKÁ PRÁCE: TOLEROVANÍ etc…, page 53

[27] National Archive PRAHA, České gubernium-publicum, inv.č. 1335, sign. G1/1, karton č. 712

[28]Antonín Podlaha: Series ...

[29] 05.20.1783, Saalbuch Band Nr. 228, Pag. 642

[30] Antonín Podlaha: Series ...

[31] Václav Bartůněk: Stručné dějiny kollegiátní kapituly a královské kaple všech svatých na Pražském hradě,Římskokatolická cyrilometodějská bohoslovecká fakulta v Litoměřicích (A Brief History of kollegiát’s Chapter and Royal Chapel of All Saints at Prague Castle, the Roman Catholic Cyril and Methodius Theological Faculty in Litoměřice), 1979 (NK - 54 D 53046) pp. 27-8

[32] SUA APA C 165/3 19.IV.1783 Series č.845

[33] Ludmila Mikulášová: Johann Anton Koželuch (1738-1814) – Život a dílo UNIVERZITA KARLOVA V PRAZE FILOZOFICKÁ FAKULTA ÚSTAV HUDEBNÍ VĚDY, page 71

OBECNÁ TEORIE A DĚJINY UMĚNÍ A KULTURY  Disertační práce Praha 2014, strana 73file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/H/Dokumenty/Downloads/IPTX_2010_1_11210_0_134705_0_102792.pdf

[34] Prášek J.V. Dr.: Jarní sněmy v Čechách a na Moravě in Květy 1903, pages 164-166; Letní a podzimní sněmování českomoravské in Květy 1903 page: 445

[35] Kerner j. Robert: Bohemia in the eighteen centire pp. 329

[36] DEBROIS Z BRUYCKU, Jan. Urkunde über die vollzogene Krönung seiner Majestät des Königs von Böhmen Leopold des Zweiten und ihrer Majestät der Gemahlinn des Königs Maria Louise, gebornen Infantinn von Spanien. Prag: Gottlieb Haase, 1818. strana 59, http://goo.gl/MI3dYy, obrazová příloha v Národní Knihovně

[37] ČELAKOVSKÝ, Jaromír. O účasti právníkův a stavů ze zemí českých na kodifikaci občanského práva rakouského. V Praze: Česká universita Karlo-Ferdinandova, 1912. in Rozpravy I. třídy České akademie císaře Františka Josefa pro vědy, slovesnost a umění č. 45, str. 3

[38] Ottův slovník naučný, Díl 20: Pohora–Q.v. 1903. 1087 s., il., heslo “Probošt”

[39] The document from r.1809, SOkA stored in Kutna Hora, fund Voith von Sterbez

[40] Jan Theobald Held: Daten zu meinem künftigen Nekrolog (angefangen im Februar 1843), I. part  (finished 13. II. 1846), 464 pages.; II. part, 460 pages. From the manuscript kept in Národní Muzeum, Jindřich Květ translated  for Lidové Noviny. Part of  the chapter  issued 31.5.1936 deals with provost and his nephews

[41] Obroční = an employee overseeing the crops management of an estate

[42] Umělecké Památky  (Artistic Monuments)

[43] Zemské Desky = land registry for real estates, Landtaefl.Hauptbuch, Litt.A.Tom.VIII.Fol.157.,

[44] Sommer Johann G .: Das Königreich Böhmen Prague from 1833 to 1849, 16 volumes

[45] In 1832 – Sommer …

[46] E . Strnad in the Boleslavsko II, Published by graphical union, 1939 (NM)

[47] August Sedláček: Hrady, zámky a tvrze Království českého X. (Castles and fortresses of the Kingdom of Bohemia X.), pp.358-359; Also „Soupis památek historických a uměleckých, pol.okres Ml.Boleslavský“ pp.318-329 (List of historical and artistic monuments, county of Ml.Boleslav) brings a detailed description including numerous illustrations along with E.g the photo of the castle church main altar with a picture of St. Wenceslas, with painting of the Castle Stránov. This description, however, is of the state after the neo-Renaissance reconstruction of the chateau from the years 1890 to 1894.

[48] z Lišova, Alžběta Lidmila a Ratajová, Jana, ed. Rodinné paměti. Vyd. 1. Dolní Břežany: Scriptorium, 2002. p. 190 s. Manu propria; volume. 1. ISBN 80-86197-37-9.

[49] officially appointed trustee

[50] Pavel Šulc, the magistrate Memorial book of the village Voděrady in magazine Boleslavan year III. pp. 301-304

[51] document with seals of  1801 SOkA Kutná Hora, fund Voith von Sterbez

[52] Václav Vaněk: Historické obrázky z Boleslavska (pp.105-106)

[53] Europaisches Genealogisches Handbuch, ausgefertiget von Christian Friedrich Jacobi, Pfarrer zu Pesterwitz bey Dresden, Leipzig, 1794, strana 283, http://goo.gl/qJDQro

[54] Vavřínek: Almanach 2014

[55] František Vacek: History of Bubeneč, Dejvice, Šárka and surroundings, in Sborník příspěvků k dějinám hlavního města Prahy, red. V.Vojtíšek, Part IV., Prague 1923 p.317

[56] Dr. Antonín Novotný: " Naposledy o Praze F. L. Věka" of February 1948, p. 40

[57] Saalbuch Band Nro.268, Page 150

[58] Saalbuch Band Nro.268, Page 153

[59] Státní okresní archiv Kolín, fond: Rodinný archiv Voith - Heritesů, Kolín

[60] Státní okresní archiv Kutná Hora, fond: Ferdinand von Voith Sterbez

[61] Pavel Šulc, the magistrate Memorial book of the village Voděrady in Svarovsky Eduard: Boleslavan roč.III. pp.301-304

[62] August Sedláček, castles, palaces and fortresses Kingdom of Bohemia X., str.357

[63] Václav Vaněk: Historické obrázky z Boleslavska (Historical pictures of Boleslavsko) (pp.105-106)

[64] Bareš Fr .: K  vycházkám po Boleslavsku, self published, Ml. Boleslav, 1907

[65] Saalbuch Band 268, pag. 546

[66] V. Král V.. r. z Dobré Vody: Heraldry - List of rules and regulations, character, Rud.Storch, Praha Smíchov, 1900

[67] Zemské Desky / Land tables/ Landtafel - the official books, which served both as a judicial protocol, as well as evidence of ownership rights. (The fond 1.dep. .SUA- published privileg. 1805 intabulation and quotations 1806, the board provincial estates, 40 M 11 ') More in the article Pavel Sedláček (worker SUA) " České zemské desky a heraldika from the proceedings Heraldika Viva II., Pardubice 2002

[68] SOkA Kolín, fond Voith von Sterbez

[69] Dr. Antonín Novotný: „Naposledy o Praze F. L. Věka“, 1948,page 175

[70] country’s highest administrative office

[71] Dr. Antonin Novotný "Naposledy o Praze F. L. Věka (Last time about Prague of FL Věk) page 175

[72] Daten zu meinem künftigen Nekrolog (angefangen im Februar 1843), I. díl (skončen 13. II. 1846), 464 str., 20.5 x 26 cm, váz.; II. díl, 460 str.,), 20 x 34 cm, brož.

[73] The Czech translation of the text in question is quoted in the Czech version of the project

[74] A Testament of Mrs. Aloisie, widowed Countess von Wasmuth, born Příchovský" or "Beschreibung der feierlichen Bestattung der Frau Aloysia verwittwete Gräfin Příchovský geb. von Wasmuth."

[75] Ludmila Cuříková in her article about Jan Theobald Held in Toulky českou minulostí (700. schůzka: POSLEDNÍ, LEČ NIKOLI NEJMENŠÍ)

[76] Milada Jonášová: Ihre Versicherung beruhigt mich, sie kommt von einem Kenner“. K biografii Jana Křtitele kuchaře  http://www.mozartovaobec.cz/?stranka=38

[77] Familienarchiv Lamberg – Steyr Alter Bestand (Oberösterreichisches Landesarchiv Herrschaftsarchiv Steyr http://www.landesarchiv-ooe.at/xbcr/SID-3F3587BA-D92653CB/HASteyr.pdf (2009) ):

[78]  country’s highest administrative office

[79] Václav Vaněk: Historical pictures of Boleslavsko

[80] Rudolf Bačkovský, Bývalá česká šlechta předbělohorská i pobělohorská (Former Czech nobility before and after the battle on Bila Hora) 1948th

[81] Národní Archiv, Zemské Desky Stavovské, citace: 40 M 11’

[82] Sedláček Pavel: ČESKÉ ZEMSKÉ DESKY A HERALDIKA (1642-1869) IN Heraldica Viva II., Sborník příspěvků z conference českých, moravskýcg a slezských heraldiků, Pradubice 2002, pp. 82, 86

[83] In Kramerius system

[84] The text of the sermon is available in the Czech version of the project

[85] Infula = mitre (here a provost’s one)

[86] Paměti Františka J. Vaváka, souseda a rychtáře milčického z let 1770-1816, část 5.   1807-1810, Vydal Skopec J. v Dědictví sv. Jana Nep., roku 1938 v Praze, pages 101-103

[87] V. Vaněk : Rebelie na Stránově roku 1808. Nový Boleslavan 1883, no. 58, 59

[88] Boleslavan Vol. 2 (1927 to 1928), pp. 277-285

[89] „Řípa“ means „beet“

[90].who just lingered at the provost’s… (Vanek)

[91] terrible roaring (Vanek)

[92] was robbed (Vanek)

[93] Out of which in the provost’s flat : 12 large window panes 9 zl. 36 kr. 1 window frame 4zl., 5 broken tiles in the stove 4zl., on the wardrobe  2 laths broken off 1 zl., 1 large mirror smashed 3 zl., 1 large clock smashed 20 zl .. (V.Vaněk)

[94]August Sedláček, Hrady, zámky a tvrze Království českého X. (Castles, Palaces and Fortresses of the Kingdom of Bohemia X.), page. 361

[95] SOkA Kutna Hora, fund Ferdinand von Voith Sterbez

[96] Dr. Jaroslav Kratochvíl’s family’s archive ; available on http://www.steinbauer.biz/familytree/Album.htm

[97] Václav Bartůněk: Stručné dějiny kollegiátní kapituly a královské kaple všech svatých na Pražském hradě,Římskokatolická cyrilometodějská bohoslovecká fakulta v Litoměřicích, (A Brief History kollegiát Chapter and Royal Chapel of All Saints at Prague Castle, the Roman Catholic Cyril and Methodius Theological Faculty in Litomerice), 1979, page 361, (NK - 54 D 53046)

[98] “On behalf of Johann Mazner Freiherrn v. Herites and Maria Eiselt née Mazner“

[99] The tomb, though named among those included under monument protection no longer exists - it used to be on the right side of the entrance of the church when facing it.

[100] Lubomír Slavíček: Sobě, umění a přátelům (To myself, art and friends)

[101] S. W. Schießler , Prag und seine Umgebungen. Prag , 1813, p. 76

[102] Anonym: Kunstnachrichten aus Prag, in: Johann Georg Meusel (ed.), Neue Miscellaneen artistischen Inhalts für Künstler und Kunstliebhaber, 13. Stück. Leipzig 1803, page. 578

[103]A. Podlaha: Series: ...

[104] Julius Košnář, Jaroslav Kabíček: “Staropražské pověsti a legendy” published in 1947, 1992 and 2005, on page 36(42),

[105] Wlastenský Zvěstovatel 25. 6. 1821, http://goo.gl/bP10Wi

[106] Both preserved in the archives of the National Museum

[107] Fund Voith von Sterbez

[108] http://www.portafontium.eu/iipimage/30061928/horazdovice-07_0960-n?x=502&y=323&w=538&h=232

20.12.1769 Baptizatus est infans  nomine Joannes Thomas legitimus filius Domini Joannis Matzner et uxoris eius Rosine  Parentum liberorum ex civitate Horzdowicensi natus dirzo

[109] In the register entry on the wedding of Ján Macner and Rozyna née Heritesová from 2. 2. 1768 in Horažďovice („… František Macner quondam civis Horažďovicensis et etiam Strakonicensis)

[110] Kniha smluv 1706 - 1728, folio 265

[111] http://www.restauratorstvislechta.cz/publikace/incident-na-kostelni-vezi-dekanskeho-kostela

[112] Arch. Melit. XLIII. inv. 2544, kart. 1019 No.22 in Lifka Bohumil: Radomyšl, dějiny jihočeského městečka a jeho okolí, OU Radomyšl, 1993

[113] Karel Němec: Pohledy do dějin rodů v časopise Horažďovický obzor z r.1937, Nr. 5,6,7. (year XVII, 1937).

[114] 170 LET PÍSECKÉHO GYMNASIA, Písek 1948

[115] Karel Nemec: Insights into the history of families. Horažďovice horizon numbers 5,6,7. (R.XVII, 1937)

[116] Sommer Johann G .: Das Königreich Böhmen Prague from 1833 to 1849, 16 volumes (in Nat. Museum)

[117] 10729 sign. 186-4 matrika NO 1750-1784 ukn 10729

http://vychodoceskearchivy.cz/zamrsk/files/2011/11/8700_Sb%C3%ADrka-matrik-v%C3%BDchodo%C4%8Desk%C3%A9ho-kraje-1587-1949_NAD_190.pdf

[118] Matrika Nr.: CZEC0004D_186-4a_M_00573, for the copy of the entry see Dodatky 2013 + 6582 sign. 2204 matrika N index N 1729-1773 ukn 6582

mikrofilm nr. 740, http://195.113.185.42:8083/000-02204.zip

[119] Županič Jan, Nová Šlechta rakouského císařství, Agentura Pankrác, 2006, p. 211

[120] Mašek Petr, Modrá krev, Praha 1992,  Ottův slovník naučný 1899

[121] In 1933, it was published by VJ Pelican in heraldic patrol (Vojtěch Jaromír Pelikán: Hlídka heraldická. In: Sborník JSČR v Praze, year. IV, 1933, 2, p. 26)  ).  In addition, the author wrote that the iron seal is the property of the author and another one without the crest that was purchased by Městské Museum v Praze (the municipal museum in Prague). Note the crest that is different from the uncles’ one.  We will not find even a shepherd's crosier, or miter.  In their place there are two of the crowning helmets.  Over the first between the two open wings crossbar with a hatchet in the gable above the other three ostrich feathers. Compare this with its original footprint.

[122] SOkA Kolín, fond Voith von Sterbez

[123] Vojtěch Jaromír Pelikán: Hlídka heraldická. In: Sborník JSČR v Praze, year. IV, 1933, 2, p. 26

[124] Bačkovský Rudolf: Bývalá česká šlechta předbělohorská i pobělohorská, 1948.

[125] Jan Pleškány *1777 Sabínov v Uhrách +1813 Praha, Hungarian pastor in Kovánec neer  Ml. Boleslav until 1808, later in Prague

[126] Jan Molnár *1765  +1828, pastor in Kovánec from 1808, the founder of a Czech clan of pastors

[127] (Hejsa Ferdinand: Dějiny české evanjelické církve v Praze a ve středních Čechách v posledních 250 letech, published by Českobratrská evanjelická církev, 1927, page 200)

[128] Hejsa Ferdinand: Dějiny české evanjelické církve v Praze a ve středních Čechách v posledních 250 letech, publ. By  Českobratrská evanjelická církev, 1927, page 190. note  4

[129] courtesy of  Jindřich Bretschneider.

[130] http://mujweb.cz/www/rektoris/rod-stockar.html (12.12.2008)

[131] Davídek Václav: Staré časy Spálenopoříčska: do r. 1848.  Part 1: Přehled vývoje kraje., 1935

[132] SÚPP, in Umělecké Památky …

[133] SÚRPMO Praha, in Umělecké Památky …

[134] Auswahl von Gedichten für declamatorische Übungen (Výběr básní pro deklamační cvičení) compiled bz Aloys Klar in 1822 http://kramerius.nkp.cz/kramerius/handle/ABA001/20686024

[135] Soka Kutna Hora, fund Ferdinand von Voith Sterbez

[136] according to the catalog of Gymnasium in Mladá Boleslav in Bareš: Dějiny MLadoboleslavského školství, 1888 Ml.Boleslav

[137] František Karel KROUSKÝ, Ta mlynářská chasa, ta se hezky nese: mlynářské historky. Published in Prague: E. Beaufort, [between 1910 and 1920]. 379 pages. In Přítel domoviny; roč. 30, č. 5., str. 131, the short story “Daleko široko rozvětvené spiknutí” published also in magazine Mlynář: orgán spolku mlynářů českomoravských, 1890 year 11, Nr. 13, p. 155

[138] František Karel Krouský was born in 1823 in Zámostí, his stepfather was a miller on Strenický brook in Krnsko and he himself was a miller’s apprentice before he became a writer.

[139] Shrovetide = Mardi Gras

[140] šalanda = a room where mill workers ate and rested.

[141] www.mapy.cz

[142] SOkA Kutna Hora, fund Voith von Sterbez

[143] Sommer Johann G .: Das Königreich Böhmen, Kreis Bunzlau Prague 1833-1849

[144] Ústav Památkové Péče, ODDĚLENÍ PRŮZKUMU, DOKUMENTACE A PREZENTACE, photo R. Biegel

[145] Soupis památek hist. a uměl. Pol.okres Ml.Boleslavský  (The inventory of historical monuments. County Ml. Boleslav)

[146] Soupis památek hist. a uměl. Pol.okres Ml.Boleslavský  (The inventory of historical monuments. County Ml. Boleslav)

[147] Soupis památek hist. a uměl. Pol.okres Ml.Boleslavský  (The inventory of historical monuments. County Ml. Boleslav)

[148] Boleslavský memorial (Nat. Library)

[149] Detailed description of the visit written in black letters is complemented with a set of 80 lithographs depicting the above mentioned and other celebratory triumphal arch construction with the towns and their parts in the background,. The work, published under the editorial supervision of Jan Rudolf Glaser, the Prague German writer, has become a unique source image, depicting the appearance of the Czech landscape, palaces, castles and towns in the first half of the 19th century.

[150] Today Písková Lhota - on the main highway from Prague to Mladá Boleslav

[151] 1803-1869, priest and a revivalist, in  Kováň od 1833 (autor říkadel Tluče bubeníček, tluče na buben, nebo Ivánku náš, copak děláš...http://clanky.rvp.cz/clanek/c/PO/824/KAREL-ALOIS-VINARICKY.html/

 ) + http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karel_Alois_Vina%C5%99ick%C3%BD

[152] Denkbuch über Anwesenheit Ihrer K.K. Majestäten Franz der Ersten und Caroline Auguste in Böhmen im Jahre 1833“, Praha 1836, pp. 134-5)

[153] Denkbuch über Anwesenheit Ihrer K.K. Majestäten Franz der Ersten und Caroline Auguste in Böhmen im Jahre 1833“, Praha 1836, pp. 134-5)

[154] Michel J.A. (k. k. Gubernialbeamter): Das Königreich Böhmen: Ein historisch-statistisch topographisches Handbuch, 1840, Dritte und letzter Band, 1840, bei Gottlieb Haase Söhne, Praga

[155] Michel J.A. (k. k. Gubernialbeamter): Das Königreich Böhmen: Ein historisch-statistisch topographisches Handbuch, 1840, Dritte und letzter Band, 1840, bei Gottlieb Haase Söhne, Praga

[156] http://www.hrady.cz/wnd_show_pic.php?picnum=106677

[157] The  city’s registers of the deceased

[158] under the cadastre as made here in 1838

[159] Vavřínek: Almanach

[160] Prof. Fr. Petr: Za horní branou, Příspěvek k dějinám Německého Brodu, in Hlasy z Posázaví, year. 1921-4

[161] Novotný Miloslav: Havlíčkovi synovské listy ze studií, (Havlíček’s filial letters from studies, publ. in Prague, 1941

[162] To the exclusion of a person - Ferdinand Vincent Voith, who apparently lived in the 14 km distant Kámen by Habry and who died in 1845, let us add that his wife Teresa died in 1838, and that there were no known Ferdinand’s siblings or children who might be called "the young Baron”.

[163] Soka Havlickuv Brod

[164] Postal Museum in Prague, a copy of gen.sbírky JD.Dobř. from Dobr.

[165] When Havlíček refers to Johann baron von Herites using the expression „pan baron“ i.e. „Mr. Baron“ rather than simply „Baron“ he is showing his respect for him.

[166] NEUWIRTH, Fr., ed. a PEŘINA, Fr., ed. Dvě stě let gymnasia v Německém Brodě: almanach: [1735-1935. V Něm. Brodě: Nákladem žáků německobrodského gymnasia, 1935., strana 156

[167] Sborník příspěvků k dějinám král. hlav. města Prahy / vydává obec král. hlav. města Prahy prací Městského archivu ; za redakce Jaromíra Čelakovského, Josefa Teige a Václava Vojtíška, Praha : Obec hlav. města Prahy, 1923, svazek 4, pages 320-321

[168] NEUWIRTH, Fr., ed. a PEŘINA, Fr., ed. Dvě stě let gymnasia v Německém Brodě: almanach: [1735-1935. V Něm. Brodě: Nákladem žáků německobrodského gymnasia, 1935., page 427

[169] Novotný Miloslav: Havlíčkovi synovské listy ze studií (Havlíček’s son’s letters from his studies), publ.  in Prague 1941

[170] Bohumil Vavroušek Slavětínský: Album to commemorate the 100th birthday of KHB, Praha 1921

[171] Figure only about 1cm x 1cm, apparently with medallions stored in an archive SOkA Kolín

[172] Figure only about 1cm x 1cm, apparently with medallions stored in an archive SOkA Kolín

[173] Archive of daughter of JD. Jaroslav Kratochvíl

[174] fund Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez in SOkA  Kutná Hora, photo was Donald in 1954 by Mr. Otomar Köhler, a retired clerk „oficiál“ living in Čáslav, (Inv. č. 39, rok 1878)

[175] fund Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez in the archive  SOkA  Kutná Hora, carton 3, Inv. n. 42,

[176] Poštovní Muzeum v Praze (Postal Museum)

[177] Soupis památek historických a uměleckých v okrese čáslavském, 1929 (The list of historical and artistic monuments of district Čáslav)

[178] National Archive: Dobřensky collection, v. Sterbetz - Voith

[179] fund of  Ferdinand Voith von Sterbez in SOkA Kutná Hora.  It was donated in 1954 by Mr. Köhler Otomar, a retired clerk living in Čáslav, carton 3, Inv. no. 39

[180] under the registration No. 103/81

[181] Regionální muzeum Kolín, under the registration No. 103/81

[182] Regionální muzeum Kolín, under the registration No. 103/81

[183] Regionální muzeum Kolín, under the registration No. 103/81

[184] See details about Wurzbach

[185] Úvod inventáře fondu Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand, SOkA Kutná Hora

[186] SOkA Kutna Hora

[187] Úvod inventáře fondu Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand, SOkA Kutná Hora

[188] The illustrations in the inventory of historical monuments and ... part. XLIV okr.Čáslavský str228

[189] Karásek Jiří ze Lvovic:  "O muži jenž zatýkal Havlíčka“ printed in Havlíčkobrodsko 7, Publisher by SokA Havlíčkův Brod and Okresní vlastivědné muzeum in 1993.

[190] In his collection in Poštovní Muzeum in Prague Dragoun revers to the dicument put on display in Postal Muzeum in Vienna: Post-Erblichkeitsprivilegiumsurkunde 26.3.1835. Kaiser Ferdinand I. verleiht der Postmeisterin Theresia Freiin Voith von Sterbez den Post- Dienst in Steinsdorf.

[191] NEUWIRTH, Fr., ed. a PEŘINA, Fr., ed. Dvě stě let gymnasia v Německém Brodě: almanach: [1735-1935. V Něm. Brodě: Nákladem žáků německobrodského gymnasia, 1935., strana 436

[192] LIŠKOVÁ, Marie. Slovník představitelů zemské samosprávy v Čechách 1861-1913. 1. vyd. Praha: Státní ústřední archiv, 1994.

[193] Srb Adolf: Karel Havlíček Borovský, neohrožený bojovník za práva národu českého  (Karel Havlíček Borovský, a fearless fighter for the rights of the Czech nation), Praha 1906, pp. 223-4

[194] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ji%C5%99%C3%AD_Kar%C3%A1sek_ze_Lvovic

[195] fatrle = German diminutive of Father

[196] Bertička = Czech diminutive of Berta

[197] Hermínka = Czech diminutive of Hermine

[198]  Karásek ze Lvovic Jiří: O "muži jenž zatýkal Havlíčka“(The man who arrested Havlíček) From the material to memories of Jiřího Karáska ze Lvovic, printed in  Havlíčkobrodsko 7, published by SokA Havlíčkův Brod and Okresní vlastivědné muzeum in 1993.

[199]  Kazbunda Karel.Dr.: Karel Havlíček v posledním roce svého života (Karel Havlíček in the last year of his life) in Zprávy Městského Musea in Německý Brod 1924-1925

[200] Literární rozhledy, year. XIII. nr. 9. June and July 1929

[201] ŠTORCH-MARIEN, Otakar. Ohňostroj : Paměti nakladatele Aventina II.. Praha : Československý spisovatel, 1969.  P. 88

[202] Vaněčková Jana: Úvod k inventáři fondu Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand, SOkA Kutná Hora,  printed also in Krásné Město (4/2010)

[203] Voith’s letter to Mecséry, Čáslav February 19, 1856 (the original note)

[204] Dr. Karel Kazbunda: Karel Havlíček in the last year of his life in reports Municipal Museum in German Brod 1924-1925

[205] V.V.Tomek Paměti II., 5th

[206] WEIDENHOFFER, Vojtěch a KAMP, Michal, ed. Deník: 1861-1899. Vyd. 1. Havlíčkův Brod: Muzeum Vysočiny, 2012.

[207] Národní Listy daily of 1.1.1862, page 3

[208] typescript of his CV in Čáslav museum

[209] https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poln%C3%A1

[210] Letter from Filip Plášil, editor of national history quarterly Polensko. Sources: Šup, Milan: Čestní občané města Polné. Polensko, roč. XVII, č. 1, s. 7 drawing on Knihy památní města Polny, part II, starting 1836, in SOkA Jihlava, fond Archiv města Polná, i. č. 268 – also reports of local committee meetings (SOkA Jihlava) and the original print of “Účetní zpráva a díkůvzdání za příčinou darů laskavě poskytnutých nešťastným obyvatelům města Polné, požárem dne 4. srpna 1863 navštíveným, vydaný v C. k. dvorní tiskárně synů Bohumila Haase v Praze na podzim 1864 nákladem Výboru pro podporu pohořelých v Polné”.

[211] stored in the archive Kutna Hora

[212] Arbes Jakub: Pláč koruny České neboli Persekuce lidu českého v letech 1868-1873 (Crying of Czech crown or the persecution of Czech people in 1868-1873) , second edition, Prague, 1894. Published by Dr. F R A N T. B A Č K O V S K Ý, page 194

[213] fund Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand in SOkA  Kutná Hora, Donald in 1954 by Otomar Köhler, a retirád clerk in Čáslav, (carton 3, Inv. nr. 42)

[214] Vaněčková Jana: Úvod k inventáři fondu Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand, SOkA Kutná Hora drawing on Marek Milan: Čáslavsko v literatuře, Pardubice, 1958, pp. 54-5), FX Šalda’s Short story „Zamiloval se do domu“, Bohumír Lifka (notes on F. X. Šalda: Ze vzpomínek na dětství, (Praha, 1947 pp. 23-5.) 

[215] Notes of Bohumír Lifka to F.X. Šalda’s text: Ze vzpomínek na dětství, Praha, 1947

[216] He had a house on Steffanplatz. No. 6, where he lived with his second wife Antonie as the vice president of Pestalozzi company (High-Life -Almanach 1912).

[217] Frant. Jos. Beneš v Pam. Archeol XI, part VI. 1864, page 130

[218] Kl. Čermák in Jubilejní sborník památek čáslavských 1904, page 88

[219]  Bohumír Lifka’s notes to text by F.X. Šalda: Ze vzpomínek na dětství, Praha, 1947 pp. 23-5

[220]  Bohumír Lifka’s notes to text by F.X. Šalda: Ze vzpomínek na dětství, Praha, 1947 pp. 23-5

[221] Fond Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand, SokA Kutná Hora

[222] Vaněčková Jana: úvod k inventáři fondu Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand, SOkA Kutná Hora,  otištěno též v Krásné Město (4/2010)

[223] Národní Listy nr. 41. 1882

[224] photos stored in Čáslav Museum and the Postal Museum in Prague

[225] from Album Voith-Herites von Sterbez

[226] -Militär schematism

[227] To the family von Kutschera see more in section of Chapter Familie von Krziwanek

[228] Josef Vávra: Dějiny královského města Kolína nad Labem (The history of the royal town of Kolin nad Labem)

[229] František Straka: O rodinách a šlechtě v Kolíně a okolí(VI about families and nobility in Kolin and nearby) in Věstník klubu čsl. Turistů odbor Kolín, 1930 year 8, nrs. 9 and 10, page VI

[230] The photo comes from „Album Voith-Herites von Sterbez“

[231]  fund Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand in SOkA Kutná Hora, Inv. nr. 45, donated in 1954 by Mr. Otomar Köhler

[232] The photo is from Voith-Herites von Sterbez Album , where there is also an interesting photo of her fresh grave from 1878, where on the ribbons on the wreaths we can read names like Voith, Berta or Náchodský.

[233] http://kramerius.nkp.cz/kramerius/handle/ABA001/20686024

[234] Gotha Almanach for 1866, Dobřensky gene. Collection of SUA in Prague

[235] See the section Havlíček’s letters above

[236] Fund „Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand“ in SOkA  Kutná Hora, (karton 3, Inv. nr. 44,).  donated in 1954 by Otomar Köhler from Čáslav, the inscription says „ The gravestone of Anton Baron von Herites “.According to the death notice the grave should be in Terezín.

[237] Email from Dr Vaněčková from SOkA Kutná Hora of 4.May 2011

[238]  Bericht über die am 9 und 10. Oktober ab gehaltene General Versammlung des Koliner landwirthschaftlichen FilialVereines zu Kolin

[239]  http://www.comune.torino.it/cultura/istitutoanatomia/Q_variet%E0_frutti.pdf , www.museodellafrutta.it Museo della Frutta “Francesco Garnier Valletti” via P. Giuria 15, 10126 Torino

[240]Centralblatt fuer die gesammte Landeskultur. Herausgegeben von der K.K. Patriotisch-=ökonomischen Gesselschaft im Königreiche Böhmen 1857

[241] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V%C3%A1clav_Hanka

[242] Národní Listy from 18.2.1861, page 2

[243] The certificate is deposited in archive  SOkA Kolín

[244] For the detailed description of the whole event see the Czech version or Pražský Denník of 23 May 1872 or on http://kramerius.nkp.cz/kramerius/PShowPageDoc.do?it=0&id=7131441&picp=&idpi=11059734

[245] Album Voith-Herites von Sterbez , novější rukopis (C. Taska, fotograf in Carlstadt)

[246] 1875 Rangs-liste und Personal Status des deutschen Ritterordens für das Jahr 1875. Verzeichniss der dem freiwilligen Sanitätsdienste des Deutschen Ritterordens bis Ende 1874. Beigetretenen Beförderer. : Herites Thadeus Freih. V. k.k. Hauptmann des Ruhesstandes. Voith-Herites von Sterbez Vincenz Freiherr k.k. Oberlieutenant.

[247] František Straka: O rodinách a šlechtě v Kolíně a okolí(VI about families and nobility in Kolin and nearby) in Věstník klubu čsl. Turistů odbor Kolín, 1930 year 8, nrs. 9 and 10, page VI + SOkA Kutná Hora, fund Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand,document Notabene Sterbetage

[248] The obituary of April 22, 1887 – newspaper cutting in NA, Collection of Vojtěch Král z Dobré Vody

[249] By Jan Procháska, photographer in Čáslav

[250] Lifka B. notes to  Šalda F.X: Ze vzpomínek na dětství, Praha 1947, p. 25

[251] fund Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand in SOkA Kutná Hora, carton 3 , Inv . no. 42

[252] Habart Čeněk: Sedlčansko, Sedlecko a Voticko - IV. part, 1994, page  212

[253] Lumír, seventh year of 1857 page 1054

[254]Archive Městské Muzeum Sedlčany; More pictures of the Osečany castle can be found on:

 http://www.hrady.cz/wnd_show_pic.php?picnum=110754 and http://www.stredoceske-zamky.cz/zamekosecany.html

[255] Kneschke Ernst Heinrich: Neues Deutsches Allgemeines Adels-lexicon, G. Olms, 1973, p. 225

[256] Former convent buildings in Sázava were modified to a classical palace.  In the space of the original Romanesque church he built a classicist stable.  In the northern part of the area he set up a park and gardens.

[257] Johann Ritter von Mayer Mayersbach auf Wosečan u. Sudowitz got Czech incolate 1815. He was the son of Dr. Moritz M. Rit. v. M. and grandson of Dr. Johann Ignaz von Mayersbach, professor at the Prague uni. (Adelstand) Gabriela had a sister married Des Fours. (GhdA Adelslexikon Band VIII, 1997)

[258] His father, Josef (+1818) Plenipotentiary of Prince Furstenberg, whose wife Elisabeth was incidentally also née von Mayersbach (1760-1838) had owned the Domousnice estate since 1785  Knighthood was awarded to him in 1813. Pulpan von Feldstein see Vavřínek K .: Almanac Czech noble and knightly families 2009

[259] www.osečany.cz (2008), www.apsida.cz/hrady (2008)

[260] Emilie Chlumová in Habart Čeněk: Sedlčansko …, díl 2, str. 170

[261] Habart Čeněk: Sedlčansko …, díl 2., str. 213

[262] National Archive: Dobřensky collection; Vavřínek 2009, www.osečany.cz (2008) www.apsida.cz/hrady (2008)

[263] Květ J.M.: Josef Suk, Život a dílo, HMUB v Praze, 1935, page 26

[264] Theme catalogue of Josef Suk’s work, publ.  Bärenreiter in 2005 (authors Zdeněk Nouza a Miroslav Nový)

[265] Jiří Berkovec: Josef Suk (1874-1935), Life and Work, Prague 1962

[266] The Thematic Catalogue of Suk’s work, Publisher  Bärenreiter in 2005 (authors Zdeněk Nouza and Miroslav Nový)

[267] Theme catalogue of Josef Suk’s work, publ.  Bärenreiter in 2005 (authors Zdeněk Nouza a Miroslav Nový)

[268] P. Alois Dostal (1858-1934,) in Křečovice priest, since 1906 dean in Úvaly near Prague (Vlast red. FH Žurdálek, magazine for learning and fun, Prague, 1933, Vol XLIX, p. 234)

[269] Vlast, red. FH Žurdálek, magazine for learning and fun, Prague, 1933, Vol XLIX, p. 237 (234)

[270] http://mesta.obce.cz/osecany/vsichni.htm (27 September 2007)

[271] fund: Voith von Sterbez Ferdinand in SOkA  Kutná Hora, carton 3, Inv. no. 42,

[272] Bohemia, 10. 1. 1905 page 3

[273] Rádce Duchovní, časopis kněžstva českoslovanského, red. F. Vaněček, Praha ,1905, roč. XIII.,č.1., str.620-2

[274] Habart Čeněk: Sedlčansko, Sedlecko a Voticko - IV. part, 1994, page  212

[275] Národní Politika September 1, 1914, p. 2, issue for rural areas

[276] Národní Politika  June 20, 1916, afternoon edition, p. 3

[277] www.osečany.cz (2008 ) www.apsida.cz/hrady (2008)

[278] Vojtěšková, Jana (ed.): Josef Suk – Dopisy o životě hudebním i lidském, Editio Bärenreiter Praha 2005, ISBN 80-86385-31-0, p. 258

[279] Habart Čeněk: Sedlčansko, Sedlecko a Voticko - IV. part, 1994, page  212

[280] www.osečany.cz (2008 ) www.apsida.cz/hrady (2008)

[281] Habart Čenek: Sedlčansko, Sedlecko and Votice - IV. Part 1994, on page 212

[282] Obituary from 24.8.1912 in Kolínské listy - Orgán Národní strany svobodomyslné pro XXVIII vol. skup. in SOkA Kolín

[283] Straka František: O rodinách a šlechtě v Kolíně a okolí in Věstník klubu čsl. Turistů odbor Kolín, 1930 roč 8, - uloženo v archivu Kolín

[284] O "MUŽI JENŽ ZATÝKAL HAVLÍČKA“ (About "the man who arrested Havlíček ."). From the material to memories of Jiří Karásek of Lvovic [ Appeared in National History proceedings Havlíčkobrodsko 7 Issued Soka Brod and District Museum in 1993.

[285] Email from Dr Vaněčková from SOkA Kutná Hora of 4.5.2011

[286] Straka František: O rodinách a šlechtě v Kolíně a okolí in Věstník klubu čsl. Turistů odbor Kolín, 1930 roč 8, - uloženo v archivu Kolín

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